Seafarer's Question Answers

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

Anything that can be erased and rewritten without getting noticed cannot be an acceptable means of writing deck logbook or official logbooks.

So the log books cannot be written with an erasable pen.

Even if something needs to be corrected in the log book, it needs to be done by striking the e

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

Classification society does not issue any plan, they just approve it or endorse it. So if there is any change in the fire plan, it is the duty of the shipowners (and master) to present the new fire plan to the classification society for approval and endorsement.

Now the question is how to amend the

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

We all know that most of the lifeboats of titanic were lowered with half the lifeboat capacity. Do you know why?

Because people thought the lifeboats would break if it is filled to its capacity. 

What can be done to have our confidence in our equipments and the ship? If we are sure that our

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

If the vessel has a condition of class, it is allowed to sail and carry out operations as usual with the deficiency that contributed to having the condition of class imposed.

Port state cannot detain the ship because of this deficiency or even list that as a deficiency because it has tempora

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

I have heard many explanations for why the give way vessel in a crossing situation shall avoid crossing ahead of the other vessel. The most common explanation I hear is that you do not want to be in direct line with a vessel approaching towards you.

But all these explanations do not make any s

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

Let us be frank here. We seafarers (including Masters) do not understand how the shipping business works.

I’m not trying to be rude––heck, I tell this to myself every day! I’m trying to make a point.

The things that may look logical to us can land us in trouble if

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

I am not sure if you meant "Full Ahead" or "Full away". But I will answer with both scenarios.

Full away to Stop

Let us say that the ship is proceeding at sea with navigation full (Full away) speed. Now if we put the telegraph to "STOP", nothing would happen and the e

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

IMO defines PSSA as

Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) is an area that needs special protection through action by IMO because of its significance for recognized ecological or socio-economic or scientific reasons and which may be vulnerable to damage by international maritime activit

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

The first few things that a second mate must prepare and know upon receipt of voyage instructions are

Do the destinations ports have enough water depth in relation to the ship's drafts at these ports? Do the UKC calculation for the destination ports and its approaches to check that. I

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

Here is a blog that I wrote sometimes back on York Antwerp rules and general average. I hope this could be of some help.

York Antwerp Rules and General Average, Everything you Need to Know

If you have any other specific question on this subject, do not hesitate to ask.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

The question has already been asked before on this platform.

You can read the answer on the below link.

What is P and I club?

If you have any other specific question on P and I clubs, do not hesitate to ask.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

I am sure you must have already gone through the good books of basic stability. The one written in the easiest language is that written by Capt Subramanium.

But I completely understand that sometimes the concepts are not easy to grasp.

I have lined up few stability topics to write and you will get

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

Both IBC and BCH codes apply to the chemical tanker.

Both these codes provide an international standard for the safe carriage in bulk by sea of dangerous chemicals and noxious liquid substances.

Both these codes prescribe the design and construction standards of ships and the equipm

DILAWER SINGH
DILAWER SINGH Second Engineer

1- DECLARATION OF OWNERSHIP.

2- BUILDER's CERTIFICATE.

3- INSTRUMENT OF SALE( if 2nd hand ship).

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

So we want to measure hydrocarbons as a percentage of LEL and percentage of Volume. 

I have seen HC meters that measures %LEL and those that measure %Volume of HC. And I have seen explosimeters that measure hydrocarbons as both %LEL and %Volume.

These do not switch automatically from LEL to v

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

There is no such document because some of the requirements change as per the flag.

For example, one flag may have the requirement for annual shore servicing of the Fire extinguishers and other flag states may require that the annual servicing can be performed by the ship staff.

So while some requi

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

For international transport, UN number is considered to be the synonyms of the "dangerous good".

So if the cargo has a UN number, it is considered dangerous. If there is no UN number assigned to the cargo, the cargo is not considered dangerous.

But before I close my answer, there is on

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

Apart from flag state requirements, sometimes the company also has their requirements for the medicines to be carried on board.

The first reference to be followed is the SMS manual of the ships. The requirement for medicines is usually listed in the Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) manual

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal Master

The noon position is the ship's position at 1200 Hrs LT.

The position at the Meridian passage is the position of the ship when the sun is on the observer's celestial meridian. That is when the sun is directly (and exactly) above the observer's head.

The reason that Meridian passage wil