Passage-planning

You know what according to me is the biggest issue right now in maritime industry?

Information that is too much to handle.

Yes, you heard it right.

There is so much information and so many resources available that it can get even a sane navigator confused.

But that is not the real issue. The real issue is that there isn’t enough guidance on using these resources and information.

Let us come to passage planning.

The issues are similar.

From company’s SMS manual to the tons of publications, there is a wealth of information and resources but not enough guidelines on how each resource complement the other.

In this article, I will discuss about the initial stage of the passage planning which is Appraisal which is related to collecting the required information for passage planning.

Appraisal of the passage plan

IMO resolution A.893(21) provides the general guidelines for the passage planning.

It defines the four stages that need to be considered for planning the passage. These stages are

  • Appraisal
  • Planning
  • Executive
  • Monitoring

Passage-planning

The first step for planning passage is to gather all the required information for the voyage.

  • What is or will the vessel’s draft for the voyage?
  • What is the minimum depth available for the voyage?
  • Any reporting requirements during the passage?
  • Are there any areas along the passage that need to be avoided?
  • Are there any deep water routes that we can and cannot use?
  • Any special routeing measures required?

Once we have all this information, we can easily plan our passage.

But from where can we get all this information?

Of course there are tons of resources but we must know the flow of looking for these informations.

That would save us a lot of time.

Let us understand what resources we have to get all this information.

1. Ocean Passages of the world

When I get into my car for an unfamiliar destination, the first thing I see is which direction I need to proceed. Left, right or straight.

I just want to get a brief sense of direction.

For Oceans, this publication “Ocean passages of the world” provides the brief sense of direction to proceed.

There is a wealth of information in “Ocean passages of the world”. And this is the first information that a seafarer would need.

The information provided in this publication is precise and helpful.

So what we first need to do is go to the index page and look for the chapter that have the area (or one of the areas) for our voyage.

Let us say we need to plan our voyage from Singapore to Mombasa.

For the passage between Singapore and Mombasa, it is Chapter 6.

Ocean_passages_chapter_6

Now go to the chapter 6 and find the best section that matches our voyage.  For the voyage from Singapore to Mombasa, we have a direct section.

If not, you may have to find an intermediate port between your voyage to get the route from the “Ocean passages of the world”.

Mombasa_to_Singapore_ocean_passages

As you can see this has given us a sense of direction which is to pass through the “one and half degree channel”.

There are even diagrams for better representation of the route to follow for different ocean voyage. Below is the one for Singapore-> Mombasa voyage.

Ocean-passages-singapore-to-mombasa

2. Ship’s Routeing

Next, you need to get your hands on this IMO publication “Ship’s Routeing”.

ship's-routeing

As per IMO,

the objective of ships’ routeing is to “improve the safety of navigation in converging areas and in areas where the density of traffic is great or where freedom of movement of shipping is inhibited by restricted sea room, the existence of obstructions to navigation, limited depths or unfavourable meteorological conditions.

This publication contains these sections

  • Part A: General provisions on ship’s routeing
  • Part B: Traffic separation schemes and inshore traffic zones
  • Part C: Deep water routes
  • Part D: Areas to be avoided
  • Part E: Other routeing measures
  • Part F: Associated rules and recommendations on Navigation
  • Part G: Mandatory Ship reporting systems, mandatory routeing systems and mandatory no anchoring areas
  • Part H: Adoption, designation and substitution of archipelagic sea lanes

As you can see that is quite a handful of important information. And there is no short cuts but to dig into all this information and get the one applicable to your voyage.

So under each part we need to find if there is any information for our route.

For example, under part B, we would get information related to Malacca strait TSS.

Ship-routeing-part-B

Similarly under Part C (Deep water routes), we would get the information about “Deep water routes” in Malacca strait.

Ship-routeing-deep-water-routes

And then we can see some more information on the rules to follow in Malacca strait and mandatory reporting in Part F and part G respectively.

Rules-ship-routeing

The idea is to collect all the information available and use it for planning the passage.

It is good habit to make notes of the data available for ready reference. Like the one I made below for our voyage.

Notes-on-passage-planning

3. Paper charts or ENCs

To plan the passage we must have the required paper charts or ENCs.

If your ENC provider has the PAYS (Pay as you sail) options and you company has subscribed to it, you will have the most of the ENCs for the passage planning.

The company will only need to pay when the vessel actual sails on these ENCs.

Navtor is one of such ENC provider and I have covered ordering process in NAVTOR in another blog.

If you have chartco, I have covered ENCs ordering process for chartco in these blogs too.

So the first thing you need to do is to make sure that you have all the ENCs required for the voyage.

To get the information on the required paper charts for the voyage, the procedure is not too different from ordering.

Softwares like Chartco will automatically provide this information

From menu, just go to “Routes and passage” option and enter the from and to ports.

Route information Chart co

This will give the information on the required charts and also the charts that are no in your folio.

charts required chartco

But if your company is still in anciet world where there is no such software available, you need to do get your hands on “Chart Catalogue”.

The best approach in this case is to first get the planning chart or a smallest scale chart that will have both the port areas in it.

These planning charts usually should be on board.

In this case we have BA chart 4071: Northern parts of Indian Ocean.

In this chart, we have Mombasa, Malacca strait and one and half degree channel too. This chart would provide the major route for the vessel.

In the small scale sections of the chart catalogue for this area, with these courses we can get the chart numbers that are applicable for this route.

Admiralty digital catalogue is another useful alternative to the paper catalogue.

Admiralty-digital-catalogue

Whatever way you find this information, it is good practice to note down the charts number for the voyage in the passage planning notes.

4. Sailing Directions (Pilot)

We have got all the information for our ocean route of the voyage. But we still need information on the local waterways, coastal, inshore or offshore area near to the ports or land.

Sailing directions provides this information.

For example to get this information, get the ASD Africa pilot Volume 3.

NP-3-ASD-Africa-sailing-directions

From the index of the last pages of the book, look for Mombasa.

Sailing_directions_index

And you can see the sections applicable for Mombasa.  No other way than to read these sections and apply the applicable information to the passage plan.

Again, note down the applicable information and sections from this sailing direction.

Similarly you need to go through sailing directions applicable for other areas of our voyage.

The applicable sailing directions can be found from chart catalogue or digital chart catalogue.

sailing-directions

 

For the voyage from Singapore to Mombasa, the applicable sailing direction would be

  • NP 3: Africa Pilot volume 3
  • NP 38: West coast of India Pilot
  • NP 39: South Indian Ocean Pilot
  • NP 44: Malacca Strait and west coast of Sumatera Pilot

All the applicable information need to be collected from these sailing directions and applied to the passage plan.

For example, NP 38 would provide information about passing through the one and half degree channel.

one-and-half-degree-channel

5. Admiralty list of Radio Signals

Admiralty list of radio signals is all about information on communication. It has 6 parts.

  • ALRS Volume 1 (NP 281): Maritime Radio stations
  • ALRS Volume 2 (NP 282): Radio Aids to Navigation, DGPS, Legal time, Radio time signals and electronic position fixing systems
  • ALRS Volume 3 (NP 283): Maritime safety information services
  • ALRS Volume 4 (NP 284): Meteorological Observation Stations
  • ALRS Volume 5 (NP 285): Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)
  • ALRS Volume 6 (NP 286): Pilot Services, Vessel Traffic and Port Operations

The information contained in each volume is useful for the passage.

For example ALRS Volume 3, we would get the details of the NAVTEX, stations as well as the details of Navarea coordinator. This along with the times for broadcasting the navarea warnings.

ALRS Volume 4 would provide similar information about Meteorological Observation Stations for receiving the weather reports.

But one information that is important for the voyage planning is the information on the reporting requirements.

ALRS Volume 6 (or digital ALRS Volume 6) would provide this information.

If using digital ALRS volume 6, once you open it, you would see all the areas listed on the left side along with a map in the center.

The blue dots on the map are all the information about reporting requirements in that area or port.

reporting-requirements-ALRS-Volume-6

Double click on the for the port of your voyage or any area that you are passing and it will give you the information on reporting requirements.

For example, when we click on Singapore, it will give the reporting information about Singapore.

singapore-reporting-ALRS-Volume-6

Data for all the applicable reportings for the voyage need to collected and need to be the part of the passage plan.

For our voyage apart from the port arrival reportings for Singapore and Mombasa, the reportings for Malacca strait will be applicable.

Malacca-strait-reporting-ALRS-Volume-6

6. Guide to port entry

We have found most of the information required for a comprehensive passage plan.

What remains is the extensive information about the port and the terminal vessel is calling.

“Guide to port entry” provides this information. To locate the information about the applicable port is simple.

Just go to the country section and look for the port the vessel is calling.

If the vessel is provided with digital port guide such as IHS port & terminal guide“, the job becomes even simpler.

IHS-port-and-terminal-guide

We just need to search with the port name and information about that port will be displayed.

7. Company SMS manuals

We have collected all the information that we need to have for a comprehensive passage plan.

But this passage plan would be incomplete if we do not incorporate the company’s requirements in it.

We need to go through the SMS manuals and should be aware of all the company specific requirements.

Some of such requirements could be

  • UKC policy of the company
  • Minimum distance to keep from navigational dangers
  • Company specific Reporting requirements for passing through some key areas
  • Reporting to Hull insurance for passing through the high risk areas such as Gulf of Aden
  • Any other reporting to the Hull insurance

8. Other publications

Now there are many other publications and resources the information of which may only be needed at later stages.

Some of these publications are

  • Admiralty tide tables
  • Admiralty list of lights
  • Mariner’s handbook

These publication need to referred as and when required. For example, for UKC calculation, vessel need to refer to the tide tables for the height and time of tides.

Mariner’s handbook is a useful resource for general information about explanation of many terms and resources used on board.

Conclusion

Collecting the data for use in passage planning is the most important aspect of the passage planning.

This stage of the passage planning is called Appraisal.

Once we have all the data for the voyage, it is relatively easier to plan a passage.

Navigator responsible for creating a comprehensive passage plan need to be aware of all the resources available to him.

Not only that but he/She also need to aware of what information is contained in these resources and how to use these.

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Capt Rajeev Jassal

About Capt Rajeev Jassal

Capt. Rajeev Jassal has sailed for over 19 years mainly on crude oil, product and chemical tankers. He holds MBA in shipping & Logistics degree from London. He has done extensive research on quantitatively measuring Safety culture onboard and safety climate ashore which he believes is the most important element for safer shipping.

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61 Comments

Kulita Chu
Kulita Chu
Jan 20, 2018

Very good and comprehesive artcle Capt. Rajeev. Please write more articles on passage planning, if possible all 4 stages of passage planning.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Jan 23, 2018

I will write about all stages of the passage planning soon...

Kulita Chu
Kulita Chu
Jan 23, 2018

Could you please shed some light on the topic regarding updating ecdis with base cd and removable drive. Is it possible to get the same complete update on the enc with the request from email on that particular enc rather than waiting for the base cd to come. Coz' there are some cells which dont activate even if we installed the permit for the particular cell, only then it will come when we installed the latest base cd/dvd.

Ralph M Bohm
Ralph M Bohm
Dec 9, 2021

Thank you, Captain!

Martin Donchev
Martin Donchev
Jan 21, 2018

Dear Capt. Rajeev Jassal I would like to thank you for your blog information and the simple and understanding explanations in it. It is very important for me, because I don’t have much experience as a seafarer. Could you please give me some information about NP 133C Admiralty ENC Maintenance Record what the proper way to maintain it is. I know there are some examples in NP 133C but I think that the information given in these examples is incomplete. It would be very helpful if you could provide more comprehensive information about this matter. Yours faithfully Martin Donchev Third officer

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Mar 21, 2018

I will try to cover that in future articles as it would be difficult to cover in a comment...

Xu Bin
Xu Bin
Feb 5, 2018

thank you sir, very good explanation, thank you very much. there are many information for me i am very weak in this subject.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Mar 21, 2018

Glad you found it useful Xu...

Ranjit Singh
Ranjit Singh
Mar 1, 2018

Sir there are some reportings in US waters which we cant find in available publications. Please provide some information regarding this.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Mar 21, 2018

Country specific and port specific information is usually covered in company circulars...

Ranjit Singh
Ranjit Singh
Mar 22, 2018

Thanks a lot sir

Jan Michael jardiolin
Jan Michael jardiolin
Mar 15, 2018

Hi sir, please keep this up. I always learn something new upon reading your blogs. Your approach is easy to understand i really like it. No. Love it. Good riddance to you sir!

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Mar 21, 2018

Glad to hear that Jan...

hasan
hasan
Mar 29, 2018

thank u sir for such a great informative post.i really need this.plz write about the use of an ecdis

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Feb 14, 2019

Glad you liked it Hasan... I will write about passage planning on ECDIS soon..

Mr. LO
Mr. LO
Apr 21, 2018

Cap Rajeev Thank you for Sharing your Knowledge around the world. i 'm looking for a Chart for Maritime tonnage and Drafts in W.africa Ports.

Parvez Shahed
Parvez Shahed
May 22, 2018

"You know what according to me is the biggest issue right now in maritime industry?Information that is too much to handle.Yes, you heard it right.There is so much information and so many resources available that it can get even a sane navigator confused."-so damn true sir. Anyway thanks for the article.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Feb 14, 2019

Thanks Parvez..

Eric sanden
Eric sanden
Jun 8, 2019

I read the same lines and just started laughing, thank god it's not just me!

Shubham
Shubham
Jul 16, 2018

Sir, this blog was amazing and made me understand everything but can you elaborate guide to port entry, mariner's handbook, admiralty list of lights and admiralty tide table as well? That would be very helpful.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Feb 14, 2019

Thanks Shubham.. I will cover these publications in future blogs...

Nard
Nard
Jul 25, 2019

Thank u sir! GOD BLESS!

Bert
Bert
Aug 24, 2019

Thank you so much Captain Rajeev. Great help.

Seaman
Seaman
Sep 9, 2019

Dear Rajeev Jassal , many thanks for you kind and well explained information, would like to ask you to share some information about Facsmile chart ,how to read chart and some information regarding tide , thank's in advance

durgesh
durgesh
Sep 25, 2019

Good DAy to u sir. Can U pls share ur experience in using BP distance Tables? How helpful is it?

Anoop
Anoop
Nov 6, 2019

You are doing an excellent work sir. Every topic you covered with simple and deeply understood for even a below average student. After you cover every sections in maritime industry I am sure that your blogs will be the reference guide for all competency exams Thank you

ARPIT SINGH
ARPIT SINGH
Jan 11, 2020

SIR A DEEPLY REGARDS TO YOUR EFFORTS. PLEASE KEEP SUPPORTING US ON THESE TOPICS SO THAT WE CAN GET A CLEAR AND BETTER IDEAS. THANK YOU SO MUCH

SWARUP SIL
SWARUP SIL
Mar 10, 2020

What are BA charts required for delivery voyage from Kolkata to Mumbai (via srilanka), Please cooperate

Moulton.Ingrid
Moulton.Ingrid
May 11, 2020

as long as the kung fu is deep, the iron shovel is ground into a needle.

raul
raul
Jun 10, 2020

thank you for sharing your info. regarding passage plan Ive learned or gain something

Kalyana Ganti
Kalyana Ganti
Jun 23, 2020

Thank you sir for information.

John Azenif
John Azenif
Jul 13, 2020

Thank you for all the information & ideas that I absorbed from you sir. Is there any video that you blog that I can follow sir. Thanks ...

Ali
Ali
Jul 27, 2020

Thank you very much for your effort to prepare this blog and share with us.

Andreas Molyo
Andreas Molyo
Oct 19, 2020

Dear Capt. Rajeev, What is bunker minimum requirement for the passage and what regulation applies.? Thanks

John roland
John roland
Mar 5, 2021

What is the first publication you need to consult?

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Sorina Jeffery
Sorina Jeffery
Dec 10, 2021

Are you looking for Finance? Are you looking for fast cash to enlarge your business Interested people should please contact us reply to us (Whats App) number: +919394133968 patialalegitimate515@gmail.com Mr Sorina

Get rich
Get rich
Dec 13, 2021

Join the Illuminati to become rich and famous,power,every new member have benfite of 10 millions dollars and gold,tailasm, and a brand new car of your choice ,your,musician,pastor,lawyer,actress,banker, and you want power promotions in your job here is your chance to achieve your dreams by being a member of illuminati no said infect ,you we achieve your desire. if you are interested kindly email us or Whatsap now ,illuminati do not harm and do not be afraid know human blood. whatsap +2347051758952 morganilluminatirich@gmail com

Lace
Lace
Dec 17, 2021

I read a lot of people speak good about Dr EVER READY how powerful of his reunion love spell works, I put my faith up front that he can help me also then i contacted him with full trust on him. Which I did according to what he instructed me to. Behold what happen now my Wife came back just within 24hrs of contacting Dr EVER READY. any relationship problem and consider the problm solve.sed that my wife is back to me after filing divorce. my gratitude to Dr EVER READY remain forever because of the restoration of peace he brought back to my home. Dr EVER READY kindness towards  helping people out from devastation is really a thing of joy, you can as well reach him via, everreadyspellcast@gmail.com Whatsapp +2349069319562

Karen09
Karen09
Jan 1, 2022

Hi everyone, my name is Karen! Top Secret Way To Win Lottery With The Help Of A Magic spell caster called Dr. Okosisi. I requested a lottery spell, and he cast the spell and sent me the winning lottery number. Now I am a proud lottery winner with the help of Dr. Okosisi. I won $1,000,000.00 ( One Million Dollars) Thank you so much sir for dedicating your time to cast the Lottery spell for me. I am extremely grateful for the Lottery spell you did for me. You can contact him now for your own winning numbers. Website: https://spellservicetemple.com/faq/ Email: spellservicetemple@gmail.com WhatsApp him: +1 (901) 235-9551 Karen

Mary Evans
Mary Evans
Jan 6, 2022

I want to say a big thanks to Dr. Okosisi for helping me to win the lottery. I won ($1,000,000.00) My heart was filled with Joy and happiness when I won the lottery. All thanks goes to Dr Okosisi for his good work he did for me that made me win the lottery. It has been hard for me to earn a living over the years of hard labor and suffering. I always pray to God to help me find a way to hit the lottery, because that was all I put my hope on. I always play the lottery daily, buy different lottery tickets, pay for online tips and others, but all was in vain, no good result, until one day I found this great man Dr Okosisi. On the internet, he is a magic voodoo Doctor, who helps to cast the lottery spell, as was described in the article. I contacted him too because I want to hit the lottery. Dr. Okosis helped me to cast the spell, and behold I won ONE MILLION DOLLARS. Truly you are the best and your spell is genuine and costs no harm. I got my bills paid and my debt cleared. I am making this known to every one of you who have been trying all day to win the lottery, believe me this is the only way to win the lottery with a better price, this is the real contact we all have been searching for. Contact him now. WhatsApp number: +1 (901) 235-9551 Email: spellservicetemple@gmail.com Website: https://spellservicetemple.com/faq/

Melwin Benny
Melwin Benny
Jan 16, 2022

Thank you Captain Sir for explaining this in a simple and comprehensive way. I find this very helpful for my Second Mate exams.

maria
maria
Jan 17, 2022

Hello all my viewers my name is bob lee am here to share my testimony on how I won power jackpot with help of Dr clement, I want to use this opportunity to thank Dr clement who casting black magic spell for me to win the power jackpot last week then i won about 4 million pounds, I have been playing this lottery for the past 4 years now and i have not be able to wining not on till i meet Dr clement which so many people have be talking about in the internet, which so many people have be talking about then i also contact him truly i won. Ever since then i have not been able to wining i waste so much many on tickle. and i was so upset and i needed help to win this power jackpot lottery.so i decided to go online and search for help i saw so many good testimony about this man called Dr clement, how he has cast lucky spell for so many people to win the lottery, then I also contacted him and tell him i want to win lottery, believe me brother and sister he cast a spell and give me the wining number which i use to play, when the game were out i it was like a dream to me i was among the winners i won FOUR million pounds. thank you once again Dr clement you are so grateful to you i we reaming loyal to you because you take me and family away at of poor vaty now i can take care of my children. just in-case anyone need such help kindly contact dr clement is good man through his Email: ackugbespiritualtemple@gmail.com, or what-sap +2347051758952 and he will surely help i trust him. just the way he has helped me. i will forever be grateful to you dr clement and we continua to testify to hole world. contact him. all your challenges and situation will be over like all diseases as well FOLLOWING. 1. HIV/AIDS 2. HSV 3 if you want EX back 4. penis enlargement 5. HEPATITIS B 6. DIABETES 7. HPV 8 cancer 9 reading of spell

Patracia Mary
Patracia Mary
Jan 25, 2022

I use to be a very poor woman who has always not find luck when it comes to playing the lottery. I have been playing lottery since i was 21 years and now i am 45 meaning i have been playing lottery for 24 years. The biggest amount i have ever won in my life was 400 bucks. But one day my story turns to history after i find this man name on the Internet that he is the best when it comes to winning lottery. This man is a very strong voodoo doc who gives out the numbers that can never fail. After all my years of laboring and struggling to win the lottery i finally won ( $27,000,000) Dr Alli is the name, Email:  allispellhelp1@gmail.com or contact him on his whatsApp number +2348100772528 this is the only way to win the lottery and the best way

AMELIA LUCAS
AMELIA LUCAS
Mar 23, 2022

HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER/PARTNER/BOYFRIEND OR HUSBAND BACK. CALL/WHATSAPP +1(424)-261-8520. I'm so very grateful to Dr Larry, for bringing my husband who left me for another woman, that moment my husband Left me I thought I lost everything until I saw a blog post on how use his powerful spell to reunite broken relationship, I messaged him and told him the pain I was going through so he told me that everything was going to be fine that if I have the faith and believe in him that the spell will surely work for me and my husband will surely come back home and he told me what to do, After 24hrs, my husband came back home begging for my forgiveness, am so happy and grateful to Dr Larry, if you need his help email him Email assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com WhatsApp +1(424)-261-8520 website http://assurancesolutioncenter.website2.me/

Nobert
Nobert
Apr 1, 2022

This is an open invitation for you to become part of the world's biggest conglomerate and reach the peak of your career. We are world wide organization, We accept everyone both Muslims and Christians With this, all your dreams and heart desire can be fully accomplished, Note: No human sacrifices or sharing of blood, Long life and prosperity here on Earth, an fixed amount of $1,000,000 is been given to each new member with a powerful Golden Ring that will protect and guild you from bad lucks. If you are really interested contact us today on WhatsApp +2348180828544 JOIN THE ILLUMINATI TODAY AND BECOME SUCCESSFUL

Robert Mitchell
Robert Mitchell
May 6, 2022

Am Robert Mitchell USA , How i purchased Willy Wonka Golden Ticket from Wal-Mart #2605 in Gallipolis and won $15,000, It still feels incredible that my life has changed and I thank Dr Prince  everyday for his help. It is the best feeling in the world knowing that I am financially secure.Dr.Prince has proved that all the comment that i have read about him are all true, I am saying this now because before i contacted Dr.Prince i was having doubts if all what i have read about Dr.Prince are true but after contacting him, i believed that Dr.Price  is truly powerful and his spell has the capability to Win all kinds of lottery All thanks Dr prince, his obinnaspelltemple@yahoo.com His website https://obinnaspelltemple.com/

Spell to win lottery
Spell to win lottery
May 11, 2022

Hello Everyone, I am from Ohio United states, I just want everyone to know about Dr Okaka Spell Home. he helped me win a lot of money few weeks ago on lottery, I have played a couple of times and i have never won, I contacted him and he gave me some lucky winning numbers, and he also instructed me on how to go about it, I played and I won $50,000,000 FIFTY MILLION DOLLARS, I have never seen such money all my life, but with the help of Dr Okaka Spell Home now I have that much. If you ever need help in winning the lottery, do not hesitate to contact him, he will always be there to help you. contact him via his Email: dr.okaakaspellhome@gmail.com whatsapp: +2349030217340

Lydia
Lydia
May 12, 2022

HOW I GOT MY EX HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF REAL AND EFFECTIVE SPELL FROM DR Sunny My name is Lydia Gomez , I never thought I will smile again, My husband left me with two kids for one year, All effort to bring him back failed I thought I'm not going to see him again not until I met a lady called Maria who told me about a spell caster called Dr.Sunny , She gave me his email address and mobile number and I contacted him and he assured me that within 48hours my husband will come back to me, In less than 48hours my husband came back started begging for forgiveness saying it is the devils work, so I'm still surprise till now about this miracle,i couldn't conceive but as soon as the spell was cast,i became pregnant and gave birth to my third child,if you need any assistance from him you can contact him via:email: drsunnydsolution1@gmail.com Or WhatsApp or call him now: +2348082943805 . Dr.Sunny also cures: 1. HIV / AIDS 2. HERPES 1/2 3. CANCER 4. ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease) 5. Hepatitis B? 6.Win Lottery 7.If you want to get pregnant

Illuminati European Headquarter.
Illuminati European Headquarter.
May 26, 2022

GREETINGS FROM THE ILLUMINATI WORLDWIDE HEADQUARTER email address = illuminatieuropeangrandmaster@gmail.com or our wahtsapp +34602182632 Welcome to the great order of enlightenment of the united states and to the whole world, this is an open opportunity to join the community of the enlightened people, where you can recapture your lost dreams, and also where you can regain the light of see wealth and happiness without any blood sacrifice. And we also pay the sum of $550,000 to get all new members when they join the fraternity and also to a house of your choice and location with investment and this chance in life to become famous. BENEFITS GIVEN TO NEW MEMBERS GOING ON THE LIGHTING. 1. Reward cash of $550,000. 2. A new Sleek Dream CAR worth USD$150,000 USD 3. Purchased a dream home in the country of your choice. A month-long consultation with the 5 best in the world. The leaders and 5 most important celebrities in the world. If you are interested please contact the previous email address =illuminatieuropeangrandmaster@gmail.com or our wahtsapp +34602182632 https://www.gaia.com/article/what-is-the-illuminati

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