tank-cleaning-on-chemical-tanker

There is no single fail-proof method to get your tanks cleaned to methanol standard after Vegetable oil. Sorry!!!

I wish if I could tell you that if you did this particular thing your tanks will be ready for methanol standard.

But it just doesn’t happen that way.

The reality is that you can’t rely on one technique to clean your tanks after Vegetable oil.

You have to approach it using a combination of different strategies.

But positive thing is that there are few principles that we need to follow to make the tank cleaning much easier and less troublesome.

Let us discuss.

Type of Vegetable oil

The first and foremost, we must know the type of palm oil that we had in the tanks. This is important because the tank cleaning method would depend on that.

If we make a mistake in this, we can never be able to clean the tanks to methanol standard. Never!!!

So here is the type of palm oils that I am referring to.

  • Dry
  • Semi-dry
  • Non-dry

The question is, how to find which category palm oil loaded on your vessel falls into. Tank cleaning software (provided on board by of the chemical tanker operators) helps in that.

Milbros is one of such software. Let us say we just discharged following Vegetable oils

  • Sunflower oil
  • Crude palm oil
  • Palm Stearin

And we want to check the type of Veg oil for “Sunflower oil”. Open Milbros on the computer.

Milbros initial screen

It will lead you to the initial screen.

Milbros-initial-screen

In the search option, type Sunflower oil and choose sunflower oil from the options.

search-sunflower-oil

In the sunflower oil screen, go to notes and under Cleaning, look for any information of describing sunflower oil as drying or Semi-drying oil.

dry-or-semi-dry

As you can see, Sunflower oil, in fact, a drying or Semi-drying oil.

This information can also be found in other resources like Dr. Verwey’s tank cleaning guide.

Precaution with drying and Semi-Drying palm oils

Now, why is it so important to know if the palm oil is drying or Semi-drying type?

The drying and semi-drying oils get to harden when it comes in contact with air.

If allowed to come in direct contact with air, these palm oils would dry quickly and become hardened on the tank coating. There are few conditions in which these oils can dry on the coating.

  • If there is no moisture in the tank and/or
  • If there is the high temperature in the tank.

Why high temperature? Because higher temperature absorbs the moisture from the atmosphere. This is particularly important while washing the tanks containing drying or semi-drying palm oils.

We must initially wash these tanks with ambient seawater. If we use hot sea water, the palm oil will become hardened on the coating and it will not be possible to remove this from the coating.

Another important point is to wash these tanks as soon as discharging is completed and empty tank certificate issued by the surveyor. If the terminal does not allow tank cleaning at berth, we can just introduce some water in the tank and recirculate it for few seconds in every few hours to keep the tank bulkheads moist.

This may look to be a small step but it really helps in a big way.

Take-away points for drying/Semi-drying palm oils:

  • Initially wash the tanks containing drying or semi-drying palm oils with ambient seawater (or fresh water) for 1-1.5 hours.
  • Keep the tank moist till the time tank cleaning is commenced.

General tank cleaning procedure

There are tons of resources to advise the general procedure to follow for cleaning the tank after a cargo. As discussed Milbros is one of these resources.

In the Milbros software, go to “From/to cleaning” section.

Milbros-from to cleaning

Enter the “from and to” cargoes and click on “View Results”.

from-to-cleaning-Milbros

This will show you the recommended cleaning, step by step.

cleaning-steps-Milbros

Now if you follow these steps exactly as it is, there is no guarantee that your tanks will be ready to wall wash standard.

You may have to clean for an extended period (2-3 hrs mentioned in these steps may not be enough). Usually, 4 hours washing cycle is considered to be sufficient.

Main principles of tank cleaning

There are a number of tank cleaning chemicals that we may use during tank cleaning but the use of these chemicals helps only to a certain extent.

There are somethings other than the use of chemicals that brings wonder results for the tank cleaning.

An efficient cleaning of tanks require

  • Physical Cleaning of the tanks
  • Chemical cleaning of the tanks

Physical cleaning of the tank

Remember in old time (and in some places, even today) how the clothes are washed manually.

washing-cloths-analogy-to-tank-cleaning

Yes, mainly by use of force.

More force, better cleaning. Though damage to the clothes needs to be kept in mind when using too excessive force.

Same applies to the tank cleaning on chemical tankers. The pressure of tank cleaning water is very important for efficient cleaning.

Washing of the tanks at 6 bars pressure will achieve nothing. More pressure the better.

Usually, 8 to 10 bars is considered to be good pressure, 8 Bars being the minimum. If our system allows, we must try to achieve at least 9 bars pressure in the tank cleaning line.

This is because of the fact that pressure in tank cleaning line and at the tip of the tank cleaning machine will not be same as the pressure that hits the bulkheads.

Tank-cleaning-machine-pressure

Take-away points: Higher the pressure of the tank cleaning medium, better will be the cleaning. Reduce the number of tanks being washed if pressure is less.

Chemical cleaning of tanks

When I say, cleaning of the tanks chemically, I do not mean the use of chemicals. There is something else more important than using chemicals for cleaning.

That is temperature. Yes, the temperature is the best chemical you will have during tank cleaning.

More the temperature of the cleaning medium better will be the cleaning.

Allow me to explain with the same analogy of washing of clothes. Dip a similar dirty shirt in cold water and in hot water buckets and leave it there for few hours.

After few hours when we take out the shirts, water in which of the bucket you would expect to be cleaner?

Of course, the cold water will be cleaner as hot water would have taken more dirt out of the shirt. But how?

This is the chemical reaction I am talking about here.

When I talked about the pressure, I talked about the pressure at which the water hits the bulkhead and not the pressure at the nozzle tip or in the tank cleaning line.

Same applies to the temperature.

If the bulkhead itself is cold or has the ballast on the other side of the bulkhead, the cleaning will not be effective.

I totally agree that removing the ballast from the adjacent ballast tanks is a real pain but believe me when I say it. Gains in terms of effectiveness of the cleaning outshines the pain of removing the ballast.

So we must lower the ballast water level from the adjacent tanks to a level where the water is not touching any of the cargo tank bulkheads.

lowering-ballast-tank-level-for-tank-cleaning

But the use of higher temperatures is not true every time. There are some exceptions to this like the initial washing of drying and semi-drying palm oils (More exceptions later in this blog).

Take-away points: Barring few exceptions, higher the temperature, better will be the cleaning.

Use of chemicals

While high pressure and higher temperatures will do most of the job, cleaning to wall wash standard would still most likely require the use of chemical re-circulation in the tanks.

And the question is which chemical to use?

The first condition for choosing the tank cleaning chemical is that chemicals need to be IMO Approved. MEPC circular list all the chemicals with their makers that are approved for use by IMO.

Check if the chemical you have planned to use are in this list.

The second condition is that the chemicals need to be safe to use with respect to the tank coating. This information can be found from the information provided by the chemical maker.

Grato 50 Information

Even when these conditions are satisfied, we still need to choose from the number of chemicals available in the market. And which chemicals work best will usually come by the experience of tank cleaning.

Generally, any of these chemicals are good for cleaning the palm oil tanks

  • Grato 50 (for stainless steel tanks) and Grato 14 (for Zinc/Epoxy coated tanks) Make: CP Metal Chemicals
  • Marclean SC or Marclean AC+ Make: Teca
  • Caretank Eco Make: Marine Care

Marclean SC cleaning chemical

These are the chemical to do the main wash which is to make the tanks clean in all respects. But apart from these chemicals, you may need to have few other chemicals too just in case you.

You may need to have chemicals to remove odor from the tanks or color from the samples.

Well, some companies do not give many options to choose from and they have fixed chemicals to choose from and have the recommended list and quantities of the chemicals to maintain on board.

This may in a way remove some load from the chief officer.

We also need to have an estimate of what quantity of the chemicals would be required for tank cleaning. This can easily be calculated from the concentration of chemical required in the chemical solution and minimum volume of solution required for the pump to take suction during re-circulation.

For example, 0.5% of Caretank Eco is recommended for re-circulation. Let us say 3 m3 (3000 liters) of water is required for the pump to maintain good pressure during the re-circulation.

Then the quantity of Caretank Eco for one tank would be 3000 x 0.5/100 = 15 Liters.

Chemical Re-circulation

For the chemical re-circulation to be effective, there is this one pre-condition.

The initial cleaning needs to be effective. This means that there should not be any traces of previous cargo in the tank. The tanks need to be absolutely clean visually. And higher temperature/Higher pressure during initial cleaning really helps in that.

The higher temperature-better cleaning is applicable to the chemical re-circulation also but there are few points that we need to keep in mind.

1. Caustic based chemicals can make your tanks white if heated to higher temperatures.

If caustic based chemicals are used for re-circulation, we need to be careful with heating the solution.

The temperature of the cleaning solution should not be increased to more than 40 C.

It is also recommended to not heat the solution at all but sometimes it is unavoidable especially when cleaning in a low-temperature environment.

2. Using fresh water for making the cleaning solution

If you need to heat the chemical solution used for recirculation, be aware of what water you will use to make the chemical solution.

If you use sea water and keep the steam in heating coils on, there are chances of hard solid salt deposits on the entire heating coils of the tanks.

This salt deposits could become difficult to remove.

We can just use the fresh water to make the chemical solution to avoid any of these solutions.

But sometimes we are short of fresh water and we need to use sea water for making the chemical solution.

In that case, there are few things you can do to avoid this.

First, stop the steam in the heating coils at least 30 minutes before stopping recirculation.

Second, rinse the tank with fresh water for 5-10 minutes immediately after chemical recirculation.

Keeping tank coating in mind

More temperature more pressure is good for removing the impurities and better cleaning of the tanks.

But it may not be so good for the tank coating.

The vessel must be aware of the maximum temperature allowed by the tank coating manufacturer.

Usually, coating manufacturer will have some temperature limitation but these limitations are for the temperature of the cargo.

Exposure to higher temperatures for short period is usually allowed and that does not affect the tank coating.

In any case, the tank coating manufacturer must be consulted to have the clarity on the use of higher temperatures than specified for tank cleaning.

Conclusion

Cleaning of the cargo tanks with palm oil as previous cargo is a difficult task.

And if you have to clean these tanks to load wall wash cargo, the task becomes even more difficult.

But this difficult task can become easy to a great extent if few simple principles of tank cleaning are followed.

More pressure and more temperatures (barring few exceptions) are one of such principle.

Choosing the correct chemical for cleaning and following the instructions for the chemicals to be effective also helps.

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Capt Rajeev Jassal

About Capt Rajeev Jassal

Capt. Rajeev Jassal has sailed for over 19 years mainly on crude oil, product and chemical tankers. He holds MBA in shipping & Logistics degree from London. He has done extensive research on quantitatively measuring Safety culture onboard and safety climate ashore which he believes is the most important element for safer shipping.

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59 Comments

Kulita Jsg
Kulita Jsg
Mar 10, 2018

Your articles are excellent, Capt. Rajeev. Very easy to understand. Waiting for more.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Mar 11, 2018

Glad you liked it Kulita...

Bogdan Victor Prajica
Bogdan Victor Prajica
Apr 10, 2018

Hy Captain, I am at the beginning of my career as a Chief mate and I like to gather information everywhere. I would definitely take some advice on washing sunflower oil as the next cargo will be MEG. I read the article you wrote and it looked very interesting. Thank you!

Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich
Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich
Aug 14, 2019

Our company PETROLEUM CORP is the most viable and efficient connection between real buyers and sellers for all principal energy commodities. We trade in several commodities not limited to AVIATION KEROSENE’S, namely, JET FUEL (JP54), VIRGIN DIESEL FUEL OIL (D6), DIESEL GASOIL (D2), MAZUT etc. And also in BONNY LIGHT, OTHER CRUDES AND COALS. We currently serve any world port. If you are a buyer or direct mandate to a performing buyer please feel free to contact us. Please contact us via our official email address. kuznetsovgavriil.mikhailovich@mail.ru Whatsapp: +79153753185 Skype ID: live: 63388f01d68be9ff Thanks. Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich

vijeesh kumar C
vijeesh kumar C
Mar 11, 2018

Thanks alot for this excellent article. It reminded me my last tank cleaning..sir I have a doubt regarding the concept of temperature..it's found that better cleaning is obtained at a high temperature.....but what about the coating condition...last vessel we had epoxy and as per manual we should exceed the ambient temperature..... Another thing we observed was tank was cleaned after using caretaker eco...but in wall wash samples we obtained white bubbles which took almost 30mins to settle

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Mar 11, 2018

I have added a para regarding coating after your comment. Regarding your comment about caretank eco, it could usually be because of traces of chemical left on the coating. More washing with clean water usually helps. Steaming of the tanks is another option.

Jec Dancel
Jec Dancel
Mar 14, 2018

Very helpful topic frm Capt. Rajeev as always! I'm a regular reader of your blog capt and I learned a lot. Thank you, looking forward for more topics esp. w/ regards to Chem Tanker operations! More power.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Mar 21, 2018

Thank you Jec....

Bjorn landoy
Bjorn landoy
Mar 31, 2018

Informative and well written. I noted you mentioned use of sea water for recirculation with Alkaline cleaner. This is not a good solution as the seawater will neutralize the Alkaline. And ctc is far better than careclean eco

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Apr 4, 2018

Agree with your points. As I mentioned, sometime there is no option but to use sea water because of less FW ROB. All chemicals of CP metal including CTC are far better than many of the other chemicals but these are expensive too and thus many ship owners do not provide that.

Ruchir
Ruchir
Oct 27, 2018

Rightly said Sir. However, some chemicals (like KT Plus and Atlas 202 which are heavy duty alkaline cleaners and Potassium Hydroxide based ) have metasilicates, which is a water softening agent. Hence it can also be used with SW, as opposed to Caustic based (which should be used in FW) and can potentially leave whitish powdery residues. To assist the use of chemical cleaning agents, we should consider adding Sodium Carbonate as a water softener. This will also help in preventing hardness compounds forming and remaining on the bulkheads. Best results are achieved by using chemicals that Saponify the remaining oils. Usage of Potassium Hydroxide based Chemicals, (such as; Either Atlas 202 at 3% OR Careclean Alkaline at 3% OR Starmarine (POT) at 3% - or other Potassium Hydroxide based chems) can be assisted by using a neutral HCF detergent, such as; Teepol at 0.5% OR Careclean Neutral HCF at 0.5% OR Starmarine Neutral HCF at 0.5% or other equivalent, neutral non-hydrocarbon based chemical. The neutral detergent will assist in emulsification and thus boost the cleaning action of the Alkaline cleaner.

Capt Sachin Salunkhe
Capt Sachin Salunkhe
Apr 24, 2018

Comprehensive article. Many minor points have been addressed. It's useful for palms to cpp also.

Afzal Bari
Afzal Bari
Apr 28, 2018

Very good article by Capt Rajeev in a very simplied manner. Have been through the other blogs by Capt Jassal highlighting the finer points. Request if you can also put a blog about tank cleaning on crude oil tankers especially w.r.t. The use of slops. Concept of primary and secondary slops, procedure for taking in water and amount of water to be taken. Have seen your blog about odme, very well written. Would be eagerly waiting for this blog. Thank you

Adriana Smith
Adriana Smith
May 7, 2018

The guidelines do not account for the degree of solubility, treating completely soluble products and those that are partly or even just slightly soluble all in the same way. The only distinction made is between soluble and non-soluble products, but this factor should also be taken into consideration when planning the cleaning method. house cleaning services nj :)

Kelly de Greef
Kelly de Greef
May 14, 2018

Dear Capt. Rajeev, First of all we would like to share our compliments regarding your blog. The information is very valuable for everyone who is involved in tank cleaning operations. As a supplier we regularly notice that our products are known as expensive. However, we would like to put this assumption in a bit more perspective. When people are talking about price, they often only look at a price per litre. It is at least as important to consider what amount of product is required per cleaning and what the use of this product means for the duration of the total cleaning process. At CP Metal Chemicals & Henkel we strive to develop products that are of such quality that a lower concentration is required and the total cleaning time can be reduced. Bottom line, when you are looking for the most economical solution for your tank cleaning challenge it is important to take the required quantity of the product and its effect on the total cleaning time into account. Of course we would be honoured to invite you over for a visit to our company and explain everything about our products and philosophy, supported by actual figures and dates.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Jul 24, 2018

Hi Kelly... I have cleaned the tanks with CP Metal Chemicals and these are the best available so far in the industry. I do get your point and I completely agree with you. CTC-VLC cleaner is required only in the concertration of 0.2% of the solution volume. But as you said it is wrongly perceived by the Ship owners that CP Metal Chemicals are expensive. May be you need work on changing this (wrong) perception.

Kelly de Greef
Kelly de Greef
Sep 4, 2018

Thank you for your reaction Rajeev. The team and I do everything we can to change this perception and pointing out the importance of looking at the overall picture. Anyway, we would like to wish you all the best and we are looking forward to your next article!

Nitesh thakur
Nitesh thakur
Jun 6, 2018

Dear sir, Can u please explain how to calculate amount of water required for tank cleaning on a product tanker for change of grade.

Maksim Yaroslav
Maksim Yaroslav
Jul 21, 2018

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joey
joey
Jul 24, 2018

Good read. Helps people to get an insight on the tank cleaning aspects. How do you calculate the amount of water to use for re-circulation and the %age of chemical to add? Is it based on tank size? If a cleaning is required for a change from Gasoil to Clean chemicals on a MR tanker, what is the cleaning recommended?

Ruchir
Ruchir
Oct 27, 2018

The amount of water required for recirculation depends on the Pump efficiency. If you are recirculating in the same tank (using Octopus flange, etc.) you would like to have sufficient water for suction, but at the same time, you dont want the tank top to be covered with water which will hamper the Machine effect in the bottom. If you are doing recirculation from Slop tank, then you are not worried about that. For deciding the Cleaning chemical %, always refer the Product Data Sheet. Every time, refer PSD of any chemcial for its usage. A perfect example - Bleach recirculation should not be carried out for more than 1.5 hours. Because after that, it is not effective and you are just recirculating water in the tank. For cleaning from Gasoil to Clean Chemicals, you should consider the type of coating, next cargo requirement (wall wash grade or water white grade), Soot deposits, No active Rusting, etc. For detailed professional cleaning services, you may contact us on www.vikingmarines.com . Thanks.

CHEM MASTER
CHEM MASTER
Jul 26, 2018

Hi mates first of all CTC will not work a lot for veg cargoes after methanol . We need alkaline based detergant first of all . Like unitor alkeen safety or Aquabreak .First try direct injection method rather than circulatuon will take a lot of time .of course after hotwash then u need to make manual spray bleach 10 - 12 % diluted it till cargo tank ph restriction for zinc coating max ph 10 for example . Then flush it with sw around 1 hour then apply fw . Then check the ph of coating with ph strips after bleach should be max 8 . Then apply di water spray . If you make circulation with alkaline based detergants u can find the heating coils and some walls with white powder so u need to use rust remover direct injection . Of course circulation method than direction injection but if u have lots of tie . So try one tank direct imjection and spray bleach if it works do not waste for circulation Never use CTC for veg cargoes . I do not recommend Ctc like water based detergants . Better order alkaline and solvent based detergangs like degreaser never use water based detergants .best regards

Lava Engineering
Lava Engineering
Sep 6, 2018

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Lava Engineering
Lava Engineering
Sep 20, 2018

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airbnb cleaning sydney
Jun 18, 2019

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Kuznetsov GAVRIIL
Kuznetsov GAVRIIL
Jun 18, 2019

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Kuznetsov GAVRIIL
Kuznetsov GAVRIIL
Jul 26, 2019

Our company PETROLEUM CORP is the most viable and efficient connection between real buyers and sellers for all principal energy commodities. We trade in several commodities not limited to AVIATION KEROSENE’S, namely, JET FUEL (JP54), VIRGIN DIESEL FUEL OIL (D6), DIESEL GASOIL (D2), MAZUT etc. And also in BONNY LIGHT, OTHER CRUDES AND COALS. We currently serve any world port. If you are a buyer or direct mandate to a performing buyer please feel free to contact us. Please contact us via our official email address. kuznetsovgavriil.mikhailovich@mail.ru Whatsapp: +79153753185 Skype ID: live:63388f01d68be9ff Thanks. Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich

Dilan
Dilan
Sep 15, 2019

What a nice article ! I also troed to make a video !! Please Watch below video of framo pump purging https://youtu.be/laedqAEIQXw

Dilan
Dilan
Sep 15, 2019

What a nice article ! I also troed to make a video !! Please Watch below video of framo pump purging https://youtu.be/laedqAEIQXw

Tolga Atabey
Tolga Atabey
Sep 30, 2019

Very good article and gives benefits concerning tank clean.But as an experienced Chief Officer I strongly recommend to perform the cleaning operations in two steps ; first clean the tanks for WW standard, and after clean the tanks to methanol standard. I believe that how water will remove all the residues from the tanks so the last thing to do will be cleaning the tanks to methanol standard. If you apply cleaning agent early and wıthout removing the residues, the cleaning agent and cargo residues may react each other and end up with serious problems. The best cleaning agent in how water at good pressure. Once a time, I did that mistake and result the residues reacted with the detergent leaving white deposits on wall and lines .Please also consider this advice.

Leonid Senukov
Leonid Senukov
Oct 4, 2019

Dear Capt Rajeev I am following yr blog here and do appreciate indeed how its is done. My new job what I started recently requires good knowledge of chemicals tankers... so I am trying to learn as much as possible fm open sources. If speaking of cleaning fm FAME to Methanol and apart of standard Milbros cleaning instruction are there anything specific tips you could advise ? mthks in advance brgds/Leonid

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kamran
Jan 31, 2020

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Feb 13, 2020

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Alex
Alex
Jun 1, 2020

Hi captain , please tell me is it hard to perform tank cleaning from nitric acid to methanol, do we need to make purging after tank cleaning , what ph level should be and how to check it, what is neutral environment in the tank ? Can you write me on e-mail , I want to ask you some more questions , because I need to pass interview with superintendant

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Testimony on how I received my loan at 2% ( Frank Loans Services ) I would without reservation recommend working with Frank Loan Services, If you are in the market for a home mortgage. I have spoke to many brokers while shopping for my mortgage loan online, From the first contact, I could tell he's the type of person I could trust to help me make the best decision for me and my family, They offer both short and long terms loan off within 1-30 years loan duration, with or without collateral but no credit check and their services are fast, Reliable and trustworthy because they have been tested and trusted by me unlike other companies. Are you finding it hard to obtain capital service from local banks and other financial institutes? do you need funds to start up your personal business? Do you have a low credit score and you are finding it hard to get a loan because of your credit score worry no more because Frank Loans Services is here to help you pay off your bills and start a good business, they offer loans at a very affordable interest rate of 2% interested persons should kindly contact him via E-mail: k.frankloans@gmail.com Mobile: +1-713-389-6778. Their services include Refinancing Loans, Truck Loans, Education Loans, Student loans, Personal Loans, Car Loans, Debt consolidation loans, Business Loans, secured and unsecured loan, Mortgage Loan, Home Loans, kindly contact them today for further inquiries via E-mail: k.frankloans@gmail.com Mobile: +1-713-389-6778. Your Financial Satisfaction is there Aim and your working with them will be of a good experience, kindly contact them today for further inquiries if you are interested in loans via his E-mail: k.frankloans@gmail.com Mobile: +1-713-389-6778.

Maria
Maria
Sep 6, 2020

End Your Financial Worried I live in Italy my name is Maria Wason , today was history, a memory that wouldn't wipe in a million years to come , I was amazed when my bank called to firm that 75,000.00 euro was transfer to my bank account.  Am thankful to Mr.Lance Williams for the financial assistance via lance07financier@gmail.com Just last Friday i was looking for urgent loan to pay my debts and for my son's kneel operation, while i was searching on this site i saw recommendation that says Mr.Lance Williams is helping people with financial assistance and they are the right company to ask for financial assistance. i copy their email address and sent my application vialance07financier@gmail.com, The company attorney email me the loan terms and contract to sign in few hours later the money was transfer to my bank account. today is the best day of my life finally i can pay my debts and my son's kneel operation. this post is from a happy mother. am using this opportunity to inform people that needs help to contact this company today. they work really hard to help people in need, they are trustworthy. they will bring you financial freedom and happiness. contact them right now with this email lance07financier@gmail.com Also Available, Whatsapp Contact +1321 522 0819 Email:tim_loanfirm@aol.com

https://housecleaningbendigo.com.au/
https://housecleaningbendigo.com.au/
Sep 7, 2020

Our main priority is to ensure everything in your home looks as if it’s the first day you moved in. That’s a quality we’ve learned over many years and practice. https://housecleaningbendigo.com.au/

Ernst Sander
Ernst Sander
Sep 30, 2020

Lookg for a debt consolidation loan, unsecured loans, business loans, mortgage loans, car loans, student loans, personal loans, venture capital,bitcoin Loan etc! I am a private lender, I provide loans to companies and individuals with a low and reasonable interest rates of 3%. Email to: commercialloaninvesintment@gmail.com

Joshua benjamin
Joshua benjamin
Oct 1, 2020

Hello, do you need an emergency loan or do you want a business loan? Can you contact us today by email or WhatsApp? Email: joshuabenloancompany@gmail.com WhatsApp: +12094402417

Crude trader
Crude trader
Oct 6, 2020

The listed products are available on CIF & FOB respectively with user friendly procedures from our selling refineries: D6, D2, JET A1, JP54, MAZUT, EN590, BASE OIL, OCTANE,PET COKE, LNG & LPG IFO, DAP, UREA, etc. For supply inquiries, please be kind enough to contact us below: Email: gofra.pak@post.com

Janet Anderson
Janet Anderson
Nov 7, 2020

Am short of words for the amazing profit you helped me earn in just a week with binary options strategy am so sorry I doubted at the beginning, I invested $200 and earn $2,500 in just one week, and kept on investing more, today I am financially successful, you can contact him via email: carlose78910@gmail.com Via whatsapp: (+12166263236) I advice you shouldn't hesitate. He's great.

MD. FAZLUL QUADER
MD. FAZLUL QUADER
Nov 12, 2020

we have a nitric acid tank, is it possible to store / replace by food grade soybean oil. if possible , please suggest us the procedure and code of practice of this storage transformation.

md fazlul quader
md fazlul quader
Nov 12, 2020

we have a nitric acid tank, is it possible to store / replace by food grade soybean oil. if possible , please suggest us the procedure and code of practice of this storage transformation. mail: faisalcuet@gmail.com

Shah Mohammad Polash
Shah Mohammad Polash
Nov 12, 2020

I need to wash my machine….desperately! It stinks sometimes just because the lid is closed for a whole day or two! I cloth diaper, so a clean machine is imperative. The thing is, I only have COLD water to my machine. How would I clean my machine? Every tutorial and retail cleaning agent’s directions I’ve seen state to use HOT water. Should I bucket the water in from my tub or is there another solution? https://techforguru.com/how-to-start-a-new-game-in-pokemon-mo Please help, my towels and clothes stink if I don’t get them out of the washer within a couple of hours.

Sheila Donnell
Sheila Donnell
Nov 15, 2020

My purpose out here today is to share this article to the world about how Doctor Odunga helped me in getting back my EX-boyfriend that broke up with me 4 months ago. I tried all i can to make him see reasons with me so that we can continue our relationship but he denied me. Thank God for giving me the thought of going into the internet for help, i searched properly and i saw different reviews of Doctor Odunga and i insisted in giving it a try by contacting him via what's app on (+2348167159012). He gave me reason to live again and he prepared a spell and told me that my Ex-boyfriend will come back to me within 28 hours. Can you believe it, my EX-boyfriend came back to me and our wedding will hold Soon. Contact him now!!! if you need any help. Email: odungaspelltemple@gmail.com and he does a lot of spells. Once again i want to say am very grateful for your help

jubrin023
jubrin023
Nov 22, 2020

You are in urgent need of money while your next salary is still say two weeks away. Being a working class person you do not have any other source of income. In cases like this instant loans provide you ready money just when you need most. You can put instant loans to various usages like works of home improvements, enjoying a holiday trip, making payments for education or wedding bills etc: You require financial support to finish different works or make payments towards various expenses but finding the funds at your terms and conditions is not that easy due to many reasons. Contact Us Via Email Us: clemalphafinance@gmail.com Tell: :+91-9818603391 +44-7424223395 (Call/Whats app)

ibrahim prof
ibrahim prof
Dec 1, 2020

MAGIC RING , MAGIC WALLET AND MAGIC LOVE SPELLS These are the oldest powerful magic rings organized by great magicians from the early (150-800BC) with 100% results. And the following are what these rings can do or has ; Magic ring gives success in love , marriage and work Gives Success in business / boosting a business Order this ring to revenge anyone who harmed you Order this ring to bring back your Ex-lover /lost love Gives protection from journey , home and robbers Make you do great miracles as you want ( pastors & spiritual healers  Magic ring Protect you from evil powers Get promotions in any work field you want Gives money and makes you rich , gives advise in Gambling we deliver Magic rings worldwide and they have no side effect. ALL UNFINISHED JOBS FROM OTHER DOCTORS Tel: +27785149508 /+19794644113 Email:profibrahim98@gmail.com http://www.profibrahim.co.za http://www.africanancientspells.com https://powerfulspellcastertraditionalhealer27785149508197.home.blog/2019/05/24/27785149508-19794644113-muslim-traditional-healer-lost-love-spell-duas-money-spell-expert-djinns/ https://www-profibrahim-com.puzl.com/ https://form.myjotform.com/91505482528561 https://profibrahim.createaforum.com https://youtu.be/0SFX7xj8tjo https://youtu.be/2g5XPXAkjzw https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x7a6gzh http://passionconnect.in/ArticleView/ArticleId/-PROSPERITY-MONEY-SUCCESS-SPELL-27785149508-19794644113-ALBANIA-TIRANA http://profibrahim.booklikes.com/

ibrahim prof
ibrahim prof
Dec 1, 2020

Increase your luck & money winnings using gambling spells when playing the lottery, at the casino, sports betting, horse betting, bingo, slots, casino table games & any other game of chance. Good luck gamblers, prayer for gambling luck, spells to win at slot machines & good luck gambling chants. Find out how to become lucky when gambling & increase your psychic ability using gambling rituals, money winning spells, slot machine spells, money luck spells, voodoo gambling spells, black magic lotto spells, gambling charms, lottery winning amulets, casino luck spells & good luck spells to win the lottery. Attract luck when gambling using gambling money spells & gamblers lucky charms. I guarantee big money winnings using my horse racing gambling spells & soccer betting spells. Have you wondered why some people constantly beat the odds and win most of the time? It’s my gambling winning spells. Tel: +27785149508 /+19794644113 Email:profibrahim98@gmail.com http://www.profibrahim.co.za

prof ibrahim
prof ibrahim
Dec 1, 2020

Money spells that will increase your wealth, money spells to help you get more money and money spells to solve all your financial problems. I have access to the supernatural world & can use my divination powers to change your money fortunes and set you to a path of bountifulness and no lack. Be financially secure happy and deliciously rich with all the material wealth that money can buy with my money spells. I have helped many powerful businessmen make big decisions that brought them large amounts of money by the use of powerful money spells. Money spells can create wealth. Money spells are safe and ethical to use if used for the right purposes. Money spells should not be used incorrectly or to create harm. I have much experience with potent money spells to being your business money. Powerful money spells to gain more money. Let success & prosperity flow into your life using money spells to attract wealth & increase your luck with money. Get off the poverty road and onto the path of prosperity now. If money has been tight and things haven’t been going very well financially, this is just the money spell you’ve been looking for. With this money spell several things begin happening simultaneously, you may find money in unexpected places, you may get sudden and unexpected creative money-making ideas, and people may start presenting you with money-making opportunities. This spell also seems to have a cumulative or snowball effect, the more you take advantage of and act on the opportunities that come up, the more opportunities present themselves. Money spells to attract money, success & help you become rich. Turn your idea or business into gold using powerful money spells. Pay all your debts, win the lotto and experience luck when gambling at the casino using money spells, lottery money spells, casino spells & business money spells. Spiritual rats for money, short boy spirits for money, magic wallet spells, lottery money spells, business spells & casino winning spells. Powerful money spells to help you get money, get a job, get a loan, increase business and achieve financial success. Tel: +27785149508 Email:profibrahim98@gmail.com http://www.profibrahim.co.za http://www.africanancientspells.com http://www.africanancientspells.com

ibrahim prof
ibrahim prof
Dec 1, 2020

Are you in need of a revenge spell? Do you want the person that has harmed you get what they deserve? My voodoo revenge spells will do just that. Cast it to punish your enemies with misfortune, curses, hexes & bad luck in their lives. Can be specific or general depending on the outcome you want. My spells exact suffering on a person who has genuinely caused you to suffer or has caused you to lose something you hold dear. Ruin someone else’s life with misfortune revenge spells that will wreck havoc in the life of your enemy or rival. Cause someone to have bad luck with love, money or business with my powerful misfortune revenge spells. Whatever a person tries to do after this spell will not prosper for a fixed period of time. Has someone taken away your lover? Did your ex-lover treat so bad & cause suffering in your life then dump you for no apparent reason? Did a love rival breakup your marriage or relationship? Did someone curse your love life giving you a string of bad relationships & marriages? My powerful love revenge spells will give you revenge against a specific person who has caused suffering in your love life. Revenge spells to punish someone until you are fully avenged. Revenge spells to teach someone a lesson they will never forget using voodoo revenge spells. My spells of revenge will inflict serious harm on your enemies, so do not use my revenge spells unless you are sure. Revenge spells for cheaters & your enemies. Revenge spells and curses to help you get the ultimate revenge. Voodoo revenge spells for cheaters, ex lovers, your enemies & people who want to harm you. Give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot & to punish your enemies with revenge curses & spells for revenge. If someone has truly wronged you and you want to get back on them with the ultimate revenge spell, then try this witchcraft death revenge spells. The most precious asset we have is life so the death revenge spell is by far the most powerful revenge spell in the world as it will lead to the death. I only cast the death revenge spell when you have given me all the proof that the person you want to cast upon deserves death as punishment. Spells for revenge to cause your enemy to have sleepless nights & frightening dreams. Banish bad dreams & nightmares if someone has cast bad dreams revenge spells. : +27785149508 EMAIL:profibrahim98@gmail.com WEB:http://www.profibrahim.co.za http://www.africanancientspells.com http://www.africanancientspells.com

Abdul Basser
Abdul Basser
Dec 1, 2020

Lotto spells that work to draw money towards you when playing the lottery. Stop losing money and make millions from the lottery with lotto spells that work fast. Choose this lotto money spell to receive a large sum of money at the lottery or make someone else receive a large sum of money at the lottery. Win bigger prizes from the lotto with lottery spells that will work in any country. Learn how to increase your chances of winning the lottery with lotto spells. This lotto spell advantage is priceless when playing lotto or gambling as the lottery spells that work fast will work to bring luck, positive energy and winnings. Lottery spells to change your luck at the lottery, lottery luck spells to change your mathematical mindset. +27717403094,email,basserabdul59@gmail.com ,Visit ,www.africanspellscaster.co.za , https://moneyspells4.blogspot.com/

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