MARPOL-Annex-VI

Air pollution is a real thing. And the world can already see what damages it is causing.

Air pollution has caused a drastic increase in the number of Asthma patients.

Air pollution has caused acid rain which damages the ecology.

Acid-rain-effect

And air pollution is the main contributor to global warming.

So air pollution is a real thing and we need to act today.

Air-pollution-quote

That is what IMO must have said to itself in the year 1997 when it adopted Annex VI to the Marpol convention.

Air pollution, Global warming, acid rain, ozone depletion. No matter how big words these may seem, it is not that tough to bring our contribution in preventing these.

All we have to do is comply with the Annex VI of the Marpol. The first step towards compliance is the knowledge of what is expected from we seafarers.

In this post, I will discuss 10 things we ought to know about Marpol Annex VI.

Let us start.

1. SOx

This is one of the components that Annex VI aims to reduce from burning of ship’s fuel.

SOx is the short form of Sulpher oxides and the most common sulphur oxides gases are Sulpher dioxide (SO2) and sulphur trioxide (SO3).

In the third IMO Green house gases study, MEPC noticed that shipping contributes to the 13% of the total SOx emissions.

When averaged for the years 2007 to 2012, a total of 11.3 million tonnes of SOx gases were emitted from the ships.

SOx-Emission

The question is, how SOx emission from the shipping can be reduced.

And there are only two possible ways

  • Burn less or no fuel
  • Use fuel containing as low sulphur as possible

Though optimizing speed for better fuel efficiency is encouraged by all the stakeholder, it is something that cannot be enforced upon.

The thing that can be enforced is the use of low sulphur fuel on board ships.

MARPOL Annex VI does exactly that.

As per regulation 14 of the MARPOL annex VI

The sulphur content of any fuel oil used on board ships shall not exceed the following limits:

  • 4.50% m/m prior to 1 January 2012;
  • 3.50% m/m on and after 1 January 2012; and
  • 0.50% m/m on and after 1 January 2020.

Of course, the first limit of 4.5% m/m is no more valid as we are already past 1 January 2012 deadline.

SOx-emission-requirements-MARPOL-Annex-VI

These limits are reduced when the ship is operating within an emission control area.

  • 1.50% m/m prior to 1 July 2010; and
  • 1.00% m/m on and after 1 July 2010;
  • 0.10% m/m on and after 1 January 2015

Fuel Changeover procedures

When a ship is going to emission control area, it needs to change the fuel consumption to the low sulphur fuel as required.

This change over requires that before entering into the ECA, all the components of the fuel system must be using low sulphur fuel.

These components include

  • Main engine
  • Boilers
  • Associated Fuel oil pumps
  • Associated pipelines

Ship’s staff should be aware of the time required for this change over and how this fuel change over is to be executed.

Marpol Annex VI requires that

Each ship shall carry a written procedure showing how the fuel oil changeover is to be done. This shall allow sufficient time for the fuel oil service system to be fully flushed of all fuel oils exceeding the applicable sulphur content prior to entry into an emission control area. 

Marpol annex VI also requires that record is maintained for all fuel oil change-over carried out before entry into ECA and after exit from ECA.

The record must contain at least the following information

  • Tank wise Soundings and volume of low sulphur fuel oil
  • Date, time and position fuel change over started
  • Date, time and position fuel change over completed
  • Date, time and position of entry into ECA
  • Date, time and position on exit from ECA

2. NOx

As with the SOx, NOx too is the major air pollutant that is seriously harmful.

why-NOx-gases-are-harmful

In the third IMO Green house gases study, MEPC noticed that shipping contributes to the 15% of the total NOx emissions.

NOX-EMIISION-FROM-SHIPPING

But unlike SOx, NOx gases are not generated by burning the fuel but by the process of burning the fuel.

NOx gases are produced from the reaction of nitrogen and oxygen gases present in the air during the combustion process.

This reaction takes place at the high temperatures which the combustion of fuel in the engine provides.

So how the NOx can be reduced from the ship’s diesel engine?

It can only be reduced by the design of the diesel engine.

Well, I do not have a technical bone in my body so I won’t go into detail of what design changes can produce lesser NOx.

But for the purpose of understanding the requirements of Annex VI, we just need to know that NOx emission can be reduced by the better design of the ship’s engine.

Now there are certain NOx emission levels set by the MARPOL Annex VI. The requirements of these emission levels are divided into three tiers.

  • Tier I
  • Tier II
  • Tier III

NOx-emission-requirements-Marpol-Annex-VI
 A Marine diesel engine that is installed on a ship constructed on or after 1 January 2000 and prior to 1 January 2011 fall under Tier I.

A Marine diesel engine that is installed on a ship constructed on or after 1 January 2011 fall under Tier II.

Tier III requirements are

  • for the ships operating in an emission control area designated for Tier III NOx control
  • for the ship is constructed on or after 1 January 2016 and is operating in the North American Emission Control Area or the United States Caribbean Sea Emission Control Area

Compliance with NOx emission

We have so far seen what NOx is and what Marpol Annex VI requires in terms of NOx emissions.

But the question is, how do we know if the amount of NOx gases emitted by the ship’s engine is within the required levels?

How do we prove the compliance with required NOx standards on board?

Compliance with NOx emission involves few parameters and records. Let us discuss this one by one.

Engine International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate (EIAPP)

Hearing about this certificate for the first time? Get your hands on this certificate next time you are on board.

EIAPP certificate must be present on board. And this certificate needs to be for each of the diesel engines more than 130KW on board.

Why 130KW?

Because the NOx requirements are applicable for diesel engines more than 13oKW power.

Now say, the ship is fitted with one main engine and three auxiliary engines (generators). There needs to be EIAPP certificate for all these.

Now, what does EIAPP certificate certify?

EIAPP certificate is issued after the engine is found to be complying with the NOx emission requirements during the pre-certification survey.

The pre-certification means the survey done before fitting the engine on board the ship.

EIAPP-certificate-MARPOL-Annex-VI

Having an EIAPP certificate on board shows that the engine fitted on board was complying with the NOx parameters and an engine of correct specifications was fitted on board.

International Air pollution prevention certificate (IAPP)

After the engines are fitted on the ship, the test is again done on the engines for compliance with the NOx criteria.

This test is required because when the engine is fitted on board ships, some changes/modifications might have been done on the engines.

This test proves that the engine still complies with the NOx requirements even after fitting on the ship.

If the engines are found to in compliance with the NOx criteria of annex VI, International air pollution prevention certificate is issued to the ship.

Internation-air-pollution-prevention-certificate

NOx on board Verification

Having EIAPP and AIPP certificates on board proves that the engine of the correct specification is fitted on board.

It proves that when the engine was fitted on board, the NOx emissions from the engine were within limits and as required by MARPOL annex VI.

But how can we prove that even after 10 or 20 years in operation, the ship’s engines still comply with these requirements?

There are three ways in which ship can prove that it still complies with the NOx requirements.

  • Engine Parameter Check method
  • Simplified Measurement method
  • Direct Measurement and Monitoring method

on-board-NOx-compliance-methods

The method that the ship is certified to use for on board verification of NOx is specified in the EIAPP certificate of the engine.

NOx-verification-method-in-EIAPP-certificate

And the procedure to verify on board compliance (and using the certified method) is provided in the NOx technical file that accompany the EIAPP certificate of the engine.

The “simplified measurement” and “Direct measurement and monitoring” methods are based on measuring the NOx emissions from the engine.

Frankly, I seldom see these two methods used for NOx on board verification.

What I have mostly seen is the Engine parameter check method used on the ships for NOx on board verification. May be because of the simple principle it is based upon.

Engine parameter check method

This method is based on the principle that if the engine complied with the NOx parameters at the time it was fitted on board, it should continue to comply if there are no modifications/adjustment made to the engine.

This is really a simple and logical thing to say.

And as there are absolutely no extra costs involved to use this method, this method is most common among ship owners.

So there are few things that are required from this method that we must know.

  • We must know the engine parts that contribute to the NOx emission. Modification and adjustments of these parts must be as per the Maker’s guidelines.
  • If any of these spare parts of the engine need to be changed, it must be changed with the original part supplied by the maker.
  • Any adjustments made to these parts must be within the range specified by the maker of the engine.
  • A record must be kept of all the replacements of the spare parts and all the adjustments made to these parts.

Durning annual, intermediate and renewal survey of the Air pollution prevention certificate, these records, and engine parameters are checked by the class surveyor.

The international air pollution prevention certificate is endorsed or renewed on the basis of these verifications by the class surveyor.

NOx Technical file

So I said for the NOx compliance with engine parameter check method, the parameters of the engines need to be same throughout the life of the engine.

But where can we find these parameters for the engines fitted on board?

Where can we find the list of components that affect the NOx emission from the engine?

These all parameters are there in the NOx technical file.

engine-adjustments-MARPOL-Annex-VI

NOx Technical File is a record containing all details of parameters, including components and settings of an engine, which may influence the NOx emission of the engine.

NOx-technical-file-engine-parameters

So there is one NOx technical file for each engine for which an
EIAPP certificate is issued.

NOx-technical-file

NOx technical file contains information about

  • identification of those components, settings and operating values of the engine which influences its NOx emissions
  • Allowable adjustments on the engine
  • on board NOx verification procedures to verify compliance with the NOx emission limits during on board verification surveys

Conclusion

Marpol annex VI requires that ship must comply with the SOx and NOx emission requirements set out in the convention.

Seafarers must be aware of how to ensure compliance with SOx and NOx emissions.

Compliance with SOx is simple. Just use the fuel with sulphur content as per the limitation set for the area the ship is trading. Ship staff must have the procedures to change over from high sulphur to low sulphur fuels.

The compliance with NOx is ensured if

  • the ship has EIAPP certificate for each of the diesel engine fitted on board
  • The ship has a valid Air pollution prevention certificate
  • All the components of the engine are maintained as per the NOx technical file provided on board for each diesel engine.

When we do so, not only we can sleep peacefully, we can also take pride for contributing towards making the earth a better place to live.

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Capt Rajeev Jassal

About Capt Rajeev Jassal

Capt. Rajeev Jassal has sailed for over 19 years mainly on crude oil, product and chemical tankers. He holds MBA in shipping & Logistics degree from London. He has done extensive research on quantitatively measuring Safety culture onboard and safety climate ashore which he believes is the most important element for safer shipping.

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67 Comments

Rahul
Rahul
Sep 25, 2017

Nicely explained sir.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 2, 2017

Thanks Rahul...

Luka
Luka
May 31, 2018

Sir please make a blog about oil discharging procedures as per marpol

Avinash Karnad
Avinash Karnad
Oct 17, 2017

Sir, could you clarify on the following: 1) what does % m/m mean? 2) the IMO website states different dates for special areas with regards to "date of entry into force" and "in effect from".

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Nov 20, 2017

%m/m is the percentage of mass per mass. So if 1 gram of sulphur is present in 1 kg (1000 grams) of oil, it will be 0.1 % m/m. I leave the maths up to you...

Farhan Maktabay
Farhan Maktabay
Oct 25, 2017

Finally understood Annex VI completely....Thanks a tonne

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Nov 20, 2017

Thanks Farhan...

Shubham
Shubham
Nov 6, 2017

finally i got it man , thanks a ton man

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Nov 20, 2017

Thanks...

Gokul Rajaram
Gokul Rajaram
Nov 10, 2017

Very eloquent in explaining !

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Nov 20, 2017

Thanks Gokul...

ARUNAVA MAZUMDER
ARUNAVA MAZUMDER
Nov 21, 2017

Hi Mr.Jassal, really u have so nicely & so easily make us understood.Thanks for ur contribution.The fundamental was missing from all other books i read.Preparing for my orals now; at least in this section i would be more comfortably than the surveyor i think.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Nov 22, 2017

Glad you found it useful Arunava...

Siddharth Gaur
Siddharth Gaur
Dec 26, 2017

Amazing work in a simple manner.Keep the good work going sir.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Dec 27, 2017

Glad you liked it Siddharth...

Priyankar Mitra
Priyankar Mitra
Jan 9, 2018

Thank you for the explanation. I have a further query, if there is no approved NOX spare onboard then what will be the correct course of action ?

Ercan Altay
Ercan Altay
Jan 10, 2018

I read many times annex vi but first time covered full thank you very much Capt. Rajeev

Masud Ahmed
Masud Ahmed
Mar 2, 2018

Its very clear to me now.tnks.

krunal
krunal
Mar 9, 2018

sir hats off to you.. before i thoght EIAPP AND IAPP WOULD BE THE SAME..BUT NOW I KNW...THANK YOU SIR..

Ankit Singh
Ankit Singh
Mar 19, 2018

I had searched Google about nox, sox...earlier but there was only 9 ways to reduce this 5 ways to increase that and so on... Finally found your article! Nicely explained crucial points.

Prashant reddy
Prashant reddy
Mar 21, 2018

thank u sir. explained in simple language. finally understood sox and nox.

Alexandr
Alexandr
Mar 28, 2018

I'm very appreciate You for Yrs detailed and edifying lecture.

Tharindu Kahanda
Tharindu Kahanda
Apr 6, 2018

Good job....thank you..sir...

TINTUN
TINTUN
Apr 23, 2018

It is required to be updated every engine maintenance job done all jobs under Technical file section D? replace/overhaul.

Etinyene Johnson
Etinyene Johnson
May 28, 2018

Sir please am carrying out a research on pollution from engine exhaust, and I will need your help. This is my email- etinyenejohnson@gmail.com Thanks

Ankur Khare
Ankur Khare
Jul 1, 2018

Thanks for the explanation, it was simple and easy to understand. Very helpful read.

Amit Dhiman
Amit Dhiman
Sep 16, 2018

For SOx controlling an alternative is "Exhaust Gas Cleaning"

joel basco
joel basco
Sep 19, 2018

kindly explain how to accomplish nox record, specially the difference of ID number and parts number portions for FO inj. nozzle. tnx.

jojo abadiano
jojo abadiano
Dec 29, 2018

thank you for the very useful information. my question is, is there a form which must be filled up just in case you renew or check a specific part of an engine? example nozzles,plunger and barrel. because recently we were inspected by an port state and he is looking for a form which must be filled up when i change a nozzle of a generator engine.

DEEPAK SINGH
DEEPAK SINGH
Feb 3, 2019

no comparison to this extremely easy way of explanation. I worry to wonder if you ever stopped writing articles. Please never do. In my opinion seafarer fraternity has never seen any such source of bright knowledge anywhere in books or internet; even the teachers. As a fellow seafarer, I am ready to extend any support whatsoever , should you require in this process of sharing your knowledge. You undoubtedly put a lot of efforts in gathering the quality of material that we are able to access with just single easy click. Thanks a lot captain

MANISH KUMAR
MANISH KUMAR
Feb 8, 2019

Thanks sir

samitha wickramarathne
samitha wickramarathne
Feb 27, 2019

thank you very much sir...

Khushru Irani
Khushru Irani
Apr 6, 2019

Outstanding information!

Ephraim Gbadeh
Ephraim Gbadeh
Apr 16, 2019

Well said sir. Thanks so much for such brilliant explanation. It's really essential that we, seafarers, have such knowledge in order to save our universe!!!

Monica Nancy Candny
Monica Nancy Candny
Apr 16, 2019

Thanks so much sir, for this good information. Its very important for us, seafarers, to have a good knowledge about air pollution in order to save the world.

bob
bob
Apr 27, 2019

What about frequency of verification, monthly?annual?need your wise suggestion.

SIVARAMAN BABU
SIVARAMAN BABU
Jul 24, 2019

Very nicely explained sir

David
David
Aug 7, 2019

Many thanks for your detailed explanation!

Krishna
Krishna
Aug 8, 2019

Kindly explain HSSC and ESP

kaushik dutta
kaushik dutta
Aug 8, 2019

thanks a ton for explaining this nox technical file in such a way .

Pestmonster
Pestmonster
Oct 15, 2019

It clearly and easily understood by everyone. Thanks for the explanation http://humatech.co.kr/index.php?lan=eng

Huma-I http://humatech.co.kr/bbs/content.php?co_id=e_cont_0201
Huma-I http://humatech.co.kr/bbs/content.php?co_id=e_cont_0201
Oct 16, 2019

Thanks so much sir, for this good information.

Huma-i
Huma-i
Oct 17, 2019

Nicely explained crucial points. air quality monitor

Farooque
Farooque
Oct 26, 2019

Excellent explanation Great job sir!!!!

Matt Mathew
Matt Mathew
Nov 18, 2019

"You can only buy replacement parts from the original supplier" Whilst engine builders may try to convince you of this, it is simply untrue. The engine’s NOx technical file must be supplied to the vessel upon delivery and this technical document gives all the parameters for all NOx influencing components and the requirements stipulated must be met irrespective of supplier in order to renew your environmental certificate. But In order for the class society to reissue the environmental certificate for the vessel, a surveyor needs to check all components and settings using the NOx technical file as reference. This process and the supporting documentation must be supplied to them irrespective of where the replacement is purchased.

Yadnesh Kuveskar
Yadnesh Kuveskar
Jan 9, 2020

sir, your Simple way of explaining clears so many doubts.

Muhammad Hafiz
Muhammad Hafiz
Feb 3, 2020

Very nicely presented.

Amar anand
Amar anand
Apr 2, 2020

sir please write blog on MLC and STCW

Amar anand
Amar anand
Aug 9, 2020

Great Work Sir....who says you do not have technical bone.....I am an engineer....You have very good knowledge which many engineers is not having....keep doing good work sir...

Sajid
Sajid
Apr 27, 2021

Very nice

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harrison
Sep 24, 2021

★  Hello, are you guys ready to make real cash??? No dulling moment anymore. No more depending on cheap check every week. Get thousands of dollars or any currency of your choice and make this life worth living for. Order for a blank ATM card  now.How does it work? Our cards are loaded with a balance of $5000 to $100,000.00 with different daily withdrawal limits depending on the card you are buying and you can use the blank atm card to shop online and withdraw cash from any ATM machine closer to you. ★  Is this real? Yes, as shown in the video we withdrew cash multiple times without any issues. You can do it too. ★ Can I be traced? No, your withdrawal/transactions are completely anonymous. ★  Can i trust this method? Yes, we have not had any issue when doing this for the past 5 years now. ★ Are people using this ATM card? Absolutely, alot of people {our trusted customers)  have quit their jobs to withdraw money on daily basis. ★ How do I get my card? We will ship your Blank Card /w Pin few hours after receiving clear payment through a courier service International and give you the tracking details of your card, 2-4 business day delivery service. once you receive the card you can start cashing out.  ★  Hello, are you guys ready to make real cash??? No dulling moment anymore. No more depending on cheap check every week. Get thousands of dollars or any currency of your choice and make this life worth living for. Order for a blank ATM card  now.How does it work? Our cards are loaded with a balance of $5000 to $100,000.00 with different daily withdrawal limits depending on the card you are buying and you can use the blank atm card to shop online and withdraw cash from any ATM machine closer to you. ★  Is this real? Yes, as shown in the video we withdrew cash multiple times without any issues. You can do it too. ★ Can I be traced? No, your withdrawal/transactions are completely anonymous. ★  Can i trust this method? Yes, we have not had any issue when doing this for the past 5 years now. ★ Are people using this ATM card? Absolutely, alot of people {our trusted customers)  have quit their jobs to withdraw money on daily basis. ★ How do I get my card? We will ship your Blank Card /w Pin few hours after receiving clear payment through a courier service International and give you the tracking details of your card, 2-4 business day delivery service. once you receive the card you can start cashing out.  ★Is this real? YES: we are 100% real and been doing this since 2015  Contact us to order a working blanK ATM Card that you can use to withdraw a minimum amount of $1000 and maximum amount of $10,000 daily withdrawal limit. Online maximum purchase limit is $30,000 ContactEmail: harrisonblankatmcard@gmail.com or WhatsApp +15593840001blog page:https://harrisonblankatmcard.blogspot.com/ or https://harrisonblankatm.blogspot.com/

victoria
victoria
Oct 1, 2021

BE SMART AND BECOME RICH IN LESS THAN 3 DAYS....It all depends on how fast you can get the new PROGRAMMED blank ATM card that is capable of hacking into any ATM machine, anywhere in the world. I got to know about this BLANK ATM CARD when I was searching  for  job online about a month ago.. It has really changed my life for good and now I can say I'm rich and I can never be poor again. The least money I get in a month  it is about $500,000. USD. Everyday I keep pumping money into my account. Though it is illegal, there is no risk of being caught, because it has been programmed in such a way that it is not traceable, it also has a technique that makes it impossible for the CCTV's to detect you.. For details on how to get yours today,email the hackers on: harrisonblankatmcard@gmail.com Tell your loved ones too, and start to live large. That's the simple testimony of how my life changed for good... Love you all... his Whatsapp +15593840001.

bella patos
bella patos
Oct 7, 2021

Hello Everyone. I want to use this medium to share with you guys about how my life changed for the better after meeting good hackers, I got $15,000USD while working with them. They are really efficient and reliable, they perform various hacks such as. BLANK ATM CARD PAYPAL HACK TRANSFER WESTERN UNION HACK MONEY HACK BITCOIN INVESTMENT Please if you are interested in any of this, contact them via us via email: officialhackingcompany@gmail.com

edith rose
edith rose
Oct 8, 2021

I am Edith Rose  from Usa,  i want to thank Mr harrison for the help he rendered me with the Blank Atm Card that save my life and my family , i lost my job last year during covid and ever since then it has been very difficult to take care of my family and pay other bills,while hunting for job online i came across one Lady testimony about Mr harrison Blank Atm Card that help her with capital money to start up a business , at first i was scared to contact him because of the trending news about scams, i told my Husband about it and he told me to take the risk and i contacted Mr harrison for the card ,after 3-4 days i received the card from him and follows his instruction on how to used the card, am so happy today to share this because I have use it to get 45,000 dollars. withdraw the maximum of $2000 USD daily. Harrison is giving out the card just to help the poor. Hack and take money directly from any atm machine vault with the use of atm programmed card which runs in automatic mode.hurry now and contact him on how to get yours. Email: harrisonblankatmcard@gmail.com or Whatsapp him +15593840001

Scott
Scott
Oct 9, 2021

Hello my name is Scott Mcall. I want to use this medium to share to you guys about how my life changed for the better after meeting good hackers, I got $15,000USD while working with them. They are really efficient and reliable, they perform various hack such as. BLANK ATM CARD PAYPAL HACK TRANSFER WESTERN UNION HACK MONEY HACK BITCOIN INVESTMENT Please if you are interested in any of this, contact them via Jaxononlinehackers@gmail.com WhatsApp: ‪+1 (219)2714465 Contact them today and be happy

Haily Bradwell
Haily Bradwell
Oct 10, 2021

HAVE YOU LOST YOUR MONEY TO BINARY OPTION SCAM OR ANY ONLINE SCAM WHATSOEVER?.DO YOUR DESIRE CREDIT REPAIR[EQUIFAX, EXPERIAN, TRANSUNION? WELL, YOU HAVE FOUND REDEMPTION IN ASORE CORP. asorehackcorp@gmail.com Asore Corp is a group of multinational Hacker's, an affiliate of Evil Corp. We make sure by all means necessary that our clients get the best of services on a????PAYMENT AFTER JOB IS DONE BASIS✅. Rather than send money and trust a criminal to fulfill your deal, you can make sure the job is done before WORKMANSHIP is paid for. You'll get excellent customer service. That's a 100% guarantee. Our Cyber security Technicians are on standby 24/7 to receive your job requests. ⚠️ BEWARE OF FRAUDSTARS looking to hoax. if you have been a VICTIM, contact : ✉️cyberprecinct@gmail.com for directives. Here, it's always a win for you. ????OUR SERVICES???? ➡️Binary Option funds recovery ➡️Social media hack ➡️Recovery of loan scam ➡️Credit repair (Equifax,Experian,Transunion) ➡️E mail hack ➡️College score upgrade ➡️Android & iPhone Hack ➡️Website design ➡️Website hack And lots more. DISCLAIMER: Asore Cyber Corp accepts no responsibility for any information,previously given to anybody by clients on as regarding the job. Asore Cyber Corp will not distribute contact information collected on any hacking job other than in the Asore corps Hacker's listings themselves, and will not sell contact information to third parties. CONTACT INFO: ???? asorehackcorp@gmail.com cyberprecinct@gmail.com Copyright ©️ Asore Cyber Corp 2021. All rights reserved.

blank atm card
blank atm card
Oct 14, 2021

Are you in a financial crisis, looking for money to start your own business or to pay your bills? GET YOUR BLANK ATM CREDIT CARD AT AFFORDABLE PRICE* We sell this cards to all our customers and interested buyers worldwide,Tho card has a daily withdrawal limit of $5000 and up to $50,000 spending limit in stores and unlimited on POS. YOU CAN ALSO MAKE BINARY INVESTMENTS WITH LITTLE AS $500 AND GET $10,000 JUST IN SEVEN DAYS email blankatmmasterusa@gmail.com you can also call or whatsapp us Contact us today for more enlightenment * +1(539) 888-2243* WE ARE REAL AND LEGIT...........2019 FUNDS/FORGET ABOUT GETTING A LOAN..* WHATSAPP CONTACT======>>>> +1(539) 888-2243 IT HAS BEEN TESTED AND TRUSTED

Sarjil
Sarjil
Oct 16, 2021

Very well explained nox n sox..

Michel Bell
Michel Bell
Oct 20, 2021

Hello Guys! I am michel I live in USA I’m 35 Years old, am so happy I got my blank ATM card from blank atm officials. My blank ATM card can withdraw $10,500 daily. I got it from them recently few weeks ago and now I have withdrawn about $350,000 for free. The blank ATM withdraws money from any ATM machines and there is no name on it because it is blank just your PIN will be on it, it is not traceable and now I have money to pay off my debt, shopping and enough money for me and my family to live on.I am really glad and happy, i met 3 persons before them and they could not help me they scam me and they keep asking for more . But am happy now they sent the card through FedEx and it got to me within two days. Get your own card from them right now they also help in clearing debts from credit cards and giving you a good credit score, they are giving it out for small fee to help the poor note they don't give out card for free you paid before getting it, it helps a lot and no one ever gets caught or traced. I’m happy and grateful because they changed my story all of a sudden. The card works in all countries that is the good news interested persons should contact them via their email blankatmdeliveryxpress@gmail.com thanks viewers.

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