safety-culture-ingredients_opt

Have you ever watched a cookery show where they teach you how to cook a dish?

If you had your eyes on that kind of show for a split second, you would know that the first thing they tell you is “what all ingredients would you need to cook that dish”.

ingredients Safety culture

To start with the concept of safety culture is not so much different.

We need to know the ingredients and we need to get all these ingredients on the table before we can even start.

safety-culture-list

So what is the safety culture made up of? We will know this if we know what exactly we are trying to cook with safety culture.

Safety culture concept: What are we cooking?

So what exactly are we trying to achieve with the safety culture concept?

All we want is to have the people willingly follow company procedures. Without being forced to do it.

Isn’t it?

Because if everyone followed procedures, safety would be guaranteed.

Yes, it is as simple as it seems.

But while the outcome looks simple, the process to get there is not.

Making people follow all the company procedures is quite a difficult task, especially in today’s world where everyone is google genius.

And when seafarers do not follow safety procedures and guidelines, it does not always mean something is wrong with the seafarers.

There are other elements of safety culture that could be wrong, rather than just people.

So what are the elements of safety culture?

What is the safety culture made up of?

Broadly, there are three elements that make the safety culture. These are

safety-culture-factors

Now don’t get perplexed by these heavy terms.

I will make it as simple as I can.

1. Safety management system

If we want people to follow the company procedures, the procedures need to be made for people who have to follow these.

If the procedures are not made for them, irrespective of how good seafarers you have or how high salaries you pay them, they would not follow these procedures.

Seafarers should be able to connect with the procedures. They need to believe in these procedures.

Let me give you a real-life example.

I know a well-known ship management company that came up with a strange procedure in their SMS after an anchoring related incident.

This procedure required every master to seek the permission of the marine superintendent before anchoring.

Only a handful among hundreds of Masters followed this procedure.

The point I am trying to make is: no matter how good or bad a policy/procedure is, it is of no use if no one is following it or worse no one wants to follow it.

A Good safety management system

If we want to have a good safety culture, we need to have a good safety management system.

And a good safety management system is not the one that is good for the company but is the one that its users (seafarers) believe is good.

The procedures need to be simple, easy to grasp, and easy to follow. The procedures need to be as close as possible to how the seafarers actually work.

For example, what would be safer among these two situations

  • Company procedures require 20 points checklist for enclosed space entry and no one follows it to the level that even the gas check before entry is also not performed.
  • The company just requires 3 points before enclosed space entry. The gas check of the compartment, carrying a walkie-talkie and a person standby near the entrance of the compartment: Every seafarer religiously following this.

And if you are wondering about a third option which is everyone following 20 points enclosed space entry checklist: let me be clear, this option hardly exists unless, on a vessel, the number of enclosed space entries is only a few per year.

In any case, I am not debating here which procedure is right or wrong. I am just debating which one among the two is safer.

And the above example is over-simplified to get to the point I am making.

It is better to have simplified procedures that everyone follows than to have perfect procedures that no one follows.

And believe me when I say this. The problem with the Safety management system in the maritime industry is that these are perfect. Perfect to the extent that these are not easy to follow.

P.S.: I will cover “what a good Safety management system would look like” in detail in the different blogs.

2. Psychological Factors

Psychology of the seafarers and shore staff is an important element of the safety culture.

For example, let us say we have a good safety management system in which procedures are simple and easy to follow.

Would it mean the people will always follow the procedures?

Well, not necessarily!!!

Psychological factors such as seafarer’s perceptions regarding safety also influence compliance.

For example, think of a person with the perception that if it is God’s will, the incidents will happen anyways.

A seafarer with that perception will have risk-taking behavior and irrespective of how good the SMS is, may not follow the procedures.

This is called Fatalism.

In his study on safety culture on tankers, Jon Ivor Havold found Fatalism as an important factor for safety culture.

Fatalism-safety-culture-1

Psychological factors include many such perceptions that affect safety behavior.

These perceptions include seafarer’s perception of

  • Management’s commitment to safety
  • Training provided to them, and
  • the work environment

The points are simple.

Perception of management’s commitment to safety

If seafarers think that the company is not serious about safety, they will not be serious either.

But it is not about if the company is actually serious or not, it is the perception of the seafarer’s that matters.

perception-about-safety

Perception of the effectiveness of the training

The same goes for the safety training provided to the seafarers.

If seafarers have the perception that the training being provided to them would in no way help them in being safe, the training will not contribute to the safety culture and overall safety onboard ships.

Again, it is all about the perception of the seafarers about training than the training itself.

Perception of work environment

Perception about the work environment also plays an important role in safety culture.

As per the seafarers working on ships, does the work environment onboard ships support the safety culture?

Do they think they have sufficient crew according to the trade as well as the condition of the vessel?

Does the crew feel physically or mentally tired?

These factors affect the safety culture because physically or mentally tired seafarers cannot be the agent for safety culture.

There are many factors that influence these perceptions. All these are covered under a broad term “Psychological Safety”.

P.S.: I will cover “psychological safety” in more detail in a different blog.

3. Behavioral factors

Once we have taken care of the first two elements of safety culture, it all comes down to the actual behavior of the seafarers.

Behavior-based safety can be defined as an approach to managing the people side of safety.

So even when everything else is perfect, seafarers may still behave in unsafe manners.

But why would they do that?

Let us understand this with a common example of the E/R crew not wearing safety helmets while working in the engine room.

In this case, behavioral safety is about understanding this behavior of the engine room crew.

Not wearing the helmet may cause head injury but there are also chances that nothing would happen.

But not wearing helmet provides immediate and definite rewards, which is comfort and ease of doing work.

So the E/R crew trade-off the safety for these conveniences.

Let us take another example.

A deck officer has to read a pressure gauge reading on the main deck which would only take 15 seconds.

But getting ready with the proper PPE for that would take about 10-15 minutes.

The deck officer may trade-off his safe behavior to save about 10-15 minutes of his time.

And guess what, he/she would also have a feeling of being rewarded in the form of the increase in productivity or simply with the save of time.

The point is that people do not behave in an unsafe manner just because they are insane.

They behave in a manner that they do because it seems to them the more preferable option to complete the task.

Managing behavioral factors aims to change this preference.

If we are able to change their behavior in such a way that the seafarers prefer safe ways to complete a task, we can expect safety standards to improve.

But changing the behavior is not a simple task.

That is where terms like behavior-based safety (BBS) and behavior management comes into play.

P.S.: I will write about “how to manage the seafarer’s behavior to improve safety” in a different blog.

Conclusion

If we wish to improve safety standards onboard our ships, we need to invest our time in improving safety culture.

And before we can even begin with safety culture, we need to understand what it is made up of.

The concept of safety culture is not difficult to understand but is difficult to implement.

A good safety culture brings a sense of self-regulation among seafarers with regard to safety.

But to be able to do that a company needs to have a good safety management system. The one that can easily be followed.

Next, the seafarers need to have a good perception of everything related to safety.

They should be able to believe in the company’s commitment to safety.

They should have a good perception of the safety training that they go through.

And finally, they should have a good perception of the work environment onboard ships.

But even when we have a good SMS and good perception of the safety-related matters in the company, it still requires seafarers to behave in safe manners.

The company needs to manage the safety behavior of the seafarers effectively to improve safety culture onboard their ships.

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Capt Rajeev Jassal

About Capt Rajeev Jassal

Capt. Rajeev Jassal has sailed for over 20 years mainly on crude oil, product and chemical tankers. He holds MBA in shipping & Logistics degree from London. He has done extensive research on quantitatively measuring Safety culture onboard and safety climate ashore which he believes is the most important element for safer shipping.

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79 Comments

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May 21, 2020

Another master piece sir....i love to read your blogs, so much informative...God bless you sir...keep doing great work to enlighten us.....

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Natasha Wilson
Mar 8, 2022

My name is Natasha Wilson. I am here to make a review about how Dr Patrick  helped me in fixing my marriage and also to those out there seeking for help and advice on how to save your broken marriage or relationship, few months ago I was having issues with my husband I noticed he has been having an affair with another young lady in his place of work I confronted him but he got angry and say to my face that it’s true, as if that was not enough he went ahead by telling me he doesn’t love me anymore that he wanted a divorce I was to devastated and confused, I pleaded with him that I don’t want a divorce but he insisted, before then I had heard about Dr Patrick while browsing on the internet how he use to help people with broken marriages and relationships, I gave it a thought and I decided to contact him, he promise to put a smile on my face again, I followed his instructions and after 3days I was so surprised to see my husband kneeling before me and apologizing for what he had said about the divorce, this is something I never expected, I thank Dr Patrick for what he has done for me, now am living happily with my husband and he has stopped seeing the other woman. Please if you are having issues like this I advise you to contact Dr Patrick he can help you as well. You can contact him on his Email drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com or on his whatsapp number +1 662 493 2087 this is his website https://drpatrickspellcast.wixsite.com/my-site/contact

Daneil Mann
Daneil Mann
Mar 9, 2022

Hello my name is Daniel from Germany. I want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Dr Jatto my wife was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked her what the problem was she told me, she has fell out of love for me and she want a divorce, i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but she left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Dr Jatto have helped so many in similar situation like mine dr jatto email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem Dr Jatto told me she shall return back to me within 24hrs i did everything Dr Jatto asked me to do the next day to my greatest surprise my wife came back home and was crying and begging me to forgive and accept her back. Dr Jatto can also help you contact Gmail: drjattolovespelltemple01@gmail.com

Patricia Alonzi
Patricia Alonzi
Mar 12, 2022

I am sharing this testimony to partners suffering in their relationships because there is an enduring solution. My husband left me and our 2 kids for another woman for 3 years. I tried to be strong just for my kids but I could not control the pains that torment my heart. I was hurt and confused. I needed a help, so i did a research on the internet and came across a site where I saw that Dr. Todd a spell caster, can help get lovers back. I contacted him and he did a special prayer and spells for me. To my surprises, after some days, my husband came back home. That was how we reunited again and there was a lot of love, joy and peace in the family. You can as well contact Dr. Todd, a powerful spell-caster for solutions on his contact manifestspellcast@gmail. com

TIFFANY MURRAY
TIFFANY MURRAY
Mar 13, 2022

I had to leave this post here as a sign of gratitude since that is one of the least BRIXTON asked of me. From my calculations, I made $25,200 in 1-week trading but unfortunately lost it all after I tried to participate in an airdrop, I became very devastated until I read some wonderful reviews about WIZARD BRIXTON. I feel so much joy right now because BRIXTON did come through for me by getting my money back from those scam artists, my advice is for you to be mindful of the links you click online to avoid losing your money. The experience of losing your money to a scammer is not funny no matter how much. Feel free to ask me more hanswilton3@gmail.com or contact WIZARD BRIXTON via EMAIL : WIZARDBRIXTON(AT) GMAIL (DOT) COM WHATS-APPS : (+1- /807-23 ) 4-0428 .

Elena Rodriquez
Elena Rodriquez
Mar 13, 2022

Am writing this article to thank Dr. Jumba, the powerful spell caster that helped me recently to bring back my ex lover that left me for another woman for no reason for the past 8 years. After seeing a post on the internet by Jenna from the USA saying how she was helped by Dr. Jumba, I also decided to contact him for help because I had no choice. All I wanted was for me to get my lover back and happiness. To my greatest surprise my lover came home on his knees that i should find a place in my heart to forgive him, I was truly astonished and shocked when my lover knelt down begging for forgiveness and for me to accept him back. I am really short of expressions, and I don't know how much to convey my appreciation to you Dr. Jumba. You are a God sent to restore a broken relationship, And now I'm a joyful woman. his contact details are; wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com Whatsapp number +27651108524 . Website : https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com

globaltravelsdoc
globaltravelsdoc
Mar 17, 2022

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JOANNA ANDERSEN
JOANNA ANDERSEN
Mar 19, 2022

BEST WAYS TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK AND RESTORED YOUR BROKEN MARRIAGE OR RELATIONSHIP FROM SORROW TO HAPPINESS. Help me thank DR LARRY for helping me get my ex husband back to me and my family. This great powerful spiritual man restored my sorrow to happiness. My husband left me some years ago for another woman and they both planned to get married. I am so surprised he just came back to me one cool afternoon on Saturday, begging and crying for me to take him back and to forgive him for breaking up our marriage home and forsaking me and the children. Dr Larry is a true spiritualist savior . He brought my husband back” if you have any worries or you have any problem in your marriages or relationships you can reach him via: Email: assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com Whatapp: +1(424)-261-8520  website http://assurancesolutioncenter.website2.me/      facebook page:  https://www.facebook.com/assurancesolutionhome/

Jessica Butler
Jessica Butler
Mar 20, 2022

My husband and I have been married for about 7 yrs now. We were happily married with two kids, a boy and a girl. 3 months ago, I started to notice some strange behavior from him and a few weeks later I found out that my husband is seeing someone. He started coming home late from work, he hardly cared about me or the kids anymore, Sometimes he goes out and doesn't even come back home for about 2-3 days. I did all I could to rectify this problem but all to no avail. I became very worried and needed help. As I was browsing through the Internet one day, I came across a website that suggested that Dr OKU can help solve marital problems, restore broken relationships and so on. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he did a spell for me. Two days later, my husband came to me and apologized for the wrongs he did and promised never to do it again. Ever since then, everything has returned back to normal. My family and I are living together happily again.. All thanks to Dr OKU. If you need a spell caster that can cast a spell that truly works, I suggest you contact him. He will not disappoint you. This is his Email: (okutemple@gmail.com) or WhatsApp him (+2348163425519) cc

JOANNA ANDERSEN
JOANNA ANDERSEN
Mar 22, 2022

BEST WAYS TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK AND RESTORED YOUR BROKEN MARRIAGE OR RELATIONSHIP FROM SORROW TO HAPPINESS. Help me thank DR LARRY for helping me get my ex husband back to me and my family. This great powerful spiritual man restored my sorrow to happiness. My husband left me some years ago for another woman and they both planned to get married. I am so surprised he just came back to me one cool afternoon on Saturday, begging and crying for me to take him back and to forgive him for breaking up our marriage home and forsaking me and the children. Dr Larry is a true spiritualist savior . He brought my husband back” if you have any worries or you have any problem in your marriages or relationships you can reach him via: Email: assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com Whatapp: +1(424)-261-8520  website http://assurancesolutioncenter.website2.me/      facebook page:  https://www.facebook.com/assurancesolutionhome/

globaltravelsdoc
globaltravelsdoc
Mar 24, 2022

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cecillia hills
cecillia hills
Mar 24, 2022

BEST AND URGENT LOVE SPELL TO GET BACK WITH YOUR EX HUSBAND/WIFE THROUGH A POWERFUL LOVE SPELL CASTER CALLED LORD ZULU CONTACT HIM NOW FOR YOUR TESTIMONIES. CONTACT HIM ON WHATSAPP NOW @+1(909) 781-4612. Hello everyone, I'm here to testify of a powerful love spell caster called lord Zulu, who helped me stabilize my relationship and solved all the problems that's been going on in my life. I was confused and devastated when my husband left me and my kids without a word, I needed him back because I love him so much, I told my friend about how he left me. So a friend of mine introduced me to this powerful and reliable spell caster who had helped her in getting her lover back, so I contacted him and he promised that in less than 72 hours he will come back to me. After I did all he asked, to my greatest surprise my husband who had refused to speak with me came to my house and asked for forgiveness for all he had made me go through and now we are living happily together, I will forever be grateful to you Lord Zulu if you have any relationship problem I will advise you to contact him now for your testimonies. Contact him on WhatsApp @ +1(909) 781-4612. OR Email @ allsupremepowersolutionhome@gmail.com website: allsupremepowersolutionhom.website2.me

AMELIA LUCAS
AMELIA LUCAS
Mar 24, 2022

HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER/PARTNER/BOYFRIEND OR HUSBAND BACK. CALL/WHATSAPP +1(424)-261-8520. I'm so very grateful to Dr Larry, for bringing my husband who left me for another woman, that moment my husband Left me I thought I lost everything until I saw a blog post on how use his powerful spell to reunite broken relationship, I messaged him and told him the pain I was going through so he told me that everything was going to be fine that if I have the faith and believe in him that the spell will surely work for me and my husband will surely come back home and he told me what to do, After 24hrs, my husband came back home begging for my forgiveness, am so happy and grateful to Dr Larry, if you need his help email him Email assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com WhatsApp +1(424)-261-8520 website http://assurancesolutioncenter.website2.me/

Cynthia Albert
Cynthia Albert
Mar 27, 2022

HACK VANISH RECOVERED MY LOST 19.78 BITCOIN AND AIDED ME FIX MY CREDIT REPORT In Dec, 2021, I invested the sum of 19.78 BTC with a fake blockchain impostor I met online, all the money I had saved up since 2014 got stolen just within a Month, my whole life almost crumbled, to crown it all my FICO score was so bad that I couldn't even afford securing a loan to help my kids, but everything became better after I joined a forum online where I met people testifying about HACK VANISH, a hacker who has been helping thousands of people all over the world. I decided to reach out to him via the following contact shared on the platform Text/Call/WhatsApp: + 1 (747) 293-8514, Email: hackvanish@ gmail. Com, they responded and requested for all necessary details needed in carrying out my JOB, to my greatest surprise my bitcoin was recovered and my credit report fixed, FICO score was boosted to 783 across all 3-credit bureau's, all negative items cleared just within 8 days. I can't stop expressing my profound gratitude to this great team of hackers, I strongly recommend them to anyone in need.

globaltravelsdoc
globaltravelsdoc
Mar 27, 2022

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Saba Chaudhry
Saba Chaudhry
Mar 29, 2022

HOW TO GET YOUR EX BACK WITHOUT PANIC I am Saba from San Francisco. I want to testify about the powerful Dr PATRICK for saving my relationship. I must be one of the few who don’t have any trouble showing and telling someone how grateful I am for making my relationship a melodious and smooth relationship. I have been trying to be more positive about my relationship with my boyfriend, it seems like it has taken forever. Another lady took my Fiancée away from me and they both relocated. I cried and searched for him to come back but he refused to take my calls nor return my messages. My friend introduced me to a powerful spell caster called Dr PATRICK who helped me cast a very powerful love spell that brought back my Fiancé in 24hours. i was amazed and surprised when my fiancé called to beg me for forgiveness all because of the powerful love spell of Dr PATRICK. don't fail to Contact Dr PATRICK through the following means if you have any Marital or Relationship problem. His contact information is Email: drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com https://sabachaudhry1.blogspot.com/ Mobile Number: +1 662 493 2087 website: https://drpatrickspellcast.wixsite.com/my-site/contact

Saba Chaudhry
Saba Chaudhry
Mar 29, 2022

HOW TO GET YOUR EX BACK WITHOUT PANIC I am Saba from San Francisco. I want to testify about the powerful Dr PATRICK for saving my relationship. I must be one of the few who don’t have any trouble showing and telling someone how grateful I am for making my relationship a melodious and smooth relationship. I have been trying to be more positive about my relationship with my boyfriend, it seems like it has taken forever. Another lady took my Fiancée away from me and they both relocated. I cried and searched for him to come back but he refused to take my calls nor return my messages. My friend introduced me to a powerful spell caster called Dr PATRICK who helped me cast a very powerful love spell that brought back my Fiancé in 24hours. i was amazed and surprised when my fiancé called to beg me for forgiveness all because of the powerful love spell of Dr PATRICK. don't fail to Contact Dr PATRICK through the following means if you have any Marital or Relationship problem. His contact information is Email: drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com https://sabachaudhry1.blogspot.com/ Mobile Number: +1 662 493 2087 website: https://drpatrickspellcast.wixsite.com/my-site/contact

Mato Ray
Mato Ray
Mar 29, 2022

I'm just too happy that everything is in place for me now. I would gladly recommend the use of spell to any one going through marriage problems and want to put an end to it by emailing Dr Emu through emutemple@gmail.com and that was where I got the help to restore my marriage. Whatsapp +2347012841542 Https://web.facebook.com/Emu-Temple-104891335203341

Mato Ray
Mato Ray
Mar 29, 2022

I'm just too happy that everything is in place for me now. I would gladly recommend the use of spell to any one going through marriage problems and want to put an end to it by emailing Dr Emu through emutemple@gmail.com and that was where I got the help to restore my marriage. Whatsapp +2347012841542 Https://web.facebook.com/Emu-Temple-104891335203341

Norman Wendy
Norman Wendy
Apr 5, 2022

I want to say a very big thanks to PRIEST JUMBA for the wonderful work he did for me in helping me to save my marriage, my husband ask for a divorce letter because of the little misunderstanding we had in the past few month, And i never wanted this because i love my husband so much and all our investment was a joint business and i don't want to be far away from my family and my two lovely kids. My friend told me about PRIEST JUMBA and how he also helped her with her marital issues, so i had to contact him because i want to stop my husband from completing the divorce letter and i want to keep my family together and after contacting him, i was told what i needed to do and when i was going to start seeing the result, I did as PRIEST JUMBA has instructed and after 3 days my Husband call me and start asking for my forgiveness and it was all like a dream to me and we are all living happily together again all thanks to PRIEST JUMBA . Contact Him today for marital help Email: Wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com ...OR VIEW HIS website : https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com youtube : https://youtu.be/kBvs5nQcjWo facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Wicca-spell-tools-102869698481356

Richard Wahl
Richard Wahl
Apr 11, 2022

CONTACT THE BEST LOTTERY SPELL CASTER FOR THE RIGHT LOTTERY NUMBERS NOW HIS LOTTERY SPELL IS 100% GUARANTEE His websit obinnaspelltemple.com Winner of $533 million Mega Millions jackpot Richard Wahl, I want to share my wonderful testimony of how a powerful spell caster called Dr Prince helped me to win lottery, i have been playing lottery for a long time now but I had no luck everything changed when I messaged Dr Prince about winning the lottery he assured me that I will be the next winner he told me what to do and I did it and 24 hours later he sent me the lottery numbers and I played it I couldn't believe it I won $533 million dollars it's was the best thing that have ever happened to me in my life. If you want to win a lottery WhatsApp or Call Dr Prince on this number +18144484537 or email him at obinnaspelltemple@yahoo.com His website https://obinnaspelltemple.com/

Amanda joe
Amanda joe
Apr 12, 2022

Most people get into a marriage with high and full spirits. They know full well what they are getting into and accept this with an open heart. While you may say that there is a lot of hype in marriages especially on the days leading up to the wedding day, it can get a bit frustrating to have a misunderstanding in your relationship. I have been through hell with my husband for a very long time. With the help of the great spell caster, I was able to resolve my marriage issue and now I finally find happiness in my marriage. For anyone going through any kind of relationship issue or you like to get back with your ex, I will suggest getting in touch with the best relationship advice specialist that will bring happiness back into your home. You can get in touch with The Great Dr.Jumba relationship and affair advisor on wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com . He is always ready to help people and bring back happiness into your life. Website : https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com Amanda J . From Austin Texas

Yvonne Sauve
Yvonne Sauve
Apr 15, 2022

I have been unlucky playing the Lottery over the years. I couldn't take the pain anymore and I searched for help online. I saw random positive reviews of DR AMBER saying how he has been helpful with his spells. I visited his webpage: ( amberlottotemple.com ) and he told me what was required to get what I seek for done and I accepted. He did a reading for me that made it clear to him that I was going to become a MEGA JACKPOT winner and he gave me the right numbers to play the Lottery. I had faith in him and I went back to the store a few days later to confirm if I had won and while the clerk was checking my ticket, I heard her say ‘Oh my God! I looked up and saw the Big Winner screen of $36,449,852.60. I was completely shocked, but calm. It feels amazing – I can’t imagine this shift in my life and I want to appreciate this man DR AMBER for his help. It’s not everybody that is naturally lucky to win the Lottery but the solution to win is DR AMBER. For more info Call/Text/Telegram +1 808 481 5132 or E-mail: amberlottotemple@yahoo.com

Shannon Mattingly
Shannon Mattingly
Apr 16, 2022

I'm so happy to have my lover back again after 3 month which we where separated. I never thought we will live a happy life together again but today I am glad for what dr unity did for me, here's your solution if you need any help also”in your marriage /relationship. Here his contact.. WhatsApp him: +2348055361568 , Email him at: Unityspelltemple@gmail.com His website:http://unityspelltemple.website2.me

mindy baker
mindy baker
Apr 19, 2022

I have a few testimony to share with you all about myself, I was in a relationship with my lover for 6 years and we were about to get married when we both have misunderstanding with each other and he ask for a break and we both agreed, after 4 months I head that he was having an affair with my friend Emily and I was very upset and worried so a friend of mine advice me and told me if I still love my ex and if I really want to have him back so I told her yes, and she ask me to contact Great Jumba the spell caster and I did although I never believe on spell so i contacted Great jumba and he ask me to say my wishes , after the casting of the spell i receive a phone call from my ex he was apologizing to me that we should come back together and process with our wedding . I'm so happy and I wish not to ever have this relationship problem again in my life. I will also advise anyone with this kind of issue to contact him for help. He is really nice on the phone and always there to answer your questions and give you the good advice that you need. His email is( Wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com YOU can visit his website : https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com

Harrison Gab
Harrison Gab
Apr 21, 2022

Hi guys, I don’t have much to say right now rather than to say thank you to Dr. Perfect for rescuing me and my family from poverty. I love playing the lottery but winning big is always the issue for me. I will never forget the day I came in contact with Dr. Perfect whose lottery spell made me a winner of $360,000,000 million dollars cash prize on the jackpot lottery game I played just by giving me sure winning numbers within 3 days to play the lottery game after he prepared the lottery spell for me. My financial status has changed for good and I’ve started to live my dream life after 14 years of playing the lottery. Thank you Dr. Perfect for I’m very grateful for all you’ve done for me and my family. You Can TELEGRAM Or Call Or Message Dr. Perfect via +1 (548) 457-0555 or Email: dr.perfectspellcast@gmail.com

Shannon Mattingly
Shannon Mattingly
Apr 23, 2022

Get your ex husband/wife back Quickly & Permanently. My name is Shannon Mattingly from USA. My husband left me for another woman. The most painful thing is that I was pregnant with our second baby. I wanted him back. I did everything within my reach to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so badly because of the love I had for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back , I had no choice than to try it. I messaged the spell caster called dr unity, and he assured me there was no problem and that everything will be okay before 11 hours. He cast the spell and surprisingly 11 hours later my husband called me. I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that had happened He wanted me to return to him. He also said he loved me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again.thanks to dr unity . if you are here and your Lover is turning you down, or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact Dr.Unity for help now.. Here his contact...WhatsApp: +2348055361568 , Email: Unityspelltemple@gmail.com , website:http://unityspelltemple.website2.me/

5factum
5factum
Apr 24, 2022

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Kallya
Kallya
Apr 26, 2022

Hello my name is Kallya from USA i want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked him what the problem was he told me he has fell out of love for me and wanted a divorce i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but he left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Priest Ade have helped so many in similar situation like mine he email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem he told me he shall return back to me within 24hrs i did everything he asked me to do the nest day to my greatest surprise my husband came back home and was crying and begging for me to forgive and accept him back he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com Website https://ancientspiritspell.wordpress.com WhatsApp +234 905 472 7023

Tracy Pedregon
Tracy Pedregon
Apr 26, 2022

Hi, I've been searching for help on how to get my ex lover back that broke up with me 2 years ago.. I was traumatized by the break up and nearly wanted to commit suicide but I thank God that I got the contact of Dr Jumba the spiritual father that helped me to get back my ex lover after much searching of help from different places. When I got in touch with Dr Jumba , I explained everything to him to he gave me his words of encouragement and told me that he was going to prepare a spell for me that will help me get back my ex lover within 24 hours and I believed in his words for I was referred to him by a friend who he helped and right now, my ex lover is back and we are living happily together to get married next month. If you need any assistance whatsoever like getting a lover back, lottery winning spell ,pregnancy spell E.T.C. Then, I suggest that you get in touch with Dr Jumba now through his website https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com or Email: Wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com . Dr Jumba youtube channel : Dr Jumba - YouTube my Youtube channel : https://www.youtube.com/shorts/5wq6vgKWeao

nathaniel bacon
nathaniel bacon
Apr 28, 2022

Real Love Spell To Bring Back Your Ex lover Real Instant Revenge Death Spell To Kill Anyone Overnight If you desperately need an honest and real death spell caster who can help you cast a perfect death spell on anyone then contact this great death spell caster called Dr otager. He saved my relationship when he helped me cast a death spell on the lady that almost took my honey completely away from me, just within 24hours after the casting the bitch died in her sleeping bed. He also specialize in different Spells. He is real and trusted also, because I confirmed it myself. You too can try this man also: Call/WhatsApp: +2347054277449 Email: doctorotager69@gmail.com https://www.facebook.com/Dr-otager-sepell-temple-102137515781078/ Icon for this message Dr otager sepell temple Email him at: doctorotager69@gmail.com

Shannon Mattingly
Shannon Mattingly
Apr 28, 2022

Get your ex husband/wife back My name is Shannon Mattingly from USA. My husband left me for another woman. The most painful thing is that I was pregnant with our second baby. I wanted him back. I did everything within my reach to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so badly because of the love I had for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back , I had no choice than to try it. I messaged the spell caster called dr unity, and he assured me there was no problem and that everything will be okay before 11 hours. He cast the spell and surprisingly 11 hours later my husband called me. I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that had happened He wanted me to return to him. He also said he loved me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again.thanks to dr unity . if you are here and your Lover is turning you down, or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact Dr.Unity for help now.. Here his contact...WhatsApp: +2348055361568 , Email: Unityspelltemple@gmail.com , website:http://unityspelltemple.website2.me/

austin mike
austin mike
May 2, 2022

Hello everyone. I was heartbroken because i had very small penis, not nice to satisfy a woman, i had so many relationship called off because of my situation, i have used so many product which i found online but none could offer me the help i searched for. i saw some few comments about this specialist called Dr OLU and decided to email him on drolusolutionhome@gmail.com so I decided to give his herbal product a try. i emailed him and he got back to me, he gave me some comforting words with his herbal pills for Penis t, Enlargement Within 5 day of it, i began to feel the enlargement of my penis, ” and now it just 2 weeks of using his products my penis is about 10 inches longer and am so happy..feel free to contact DR OLU on(drolusolutionhome@gmail.com) or whatsapp him on this number +2348140654426

Alexandra
Alexandra
May 2, 2022

fix your broken relationship... I met a Powerful Spell caster called Dr otager, He is Real, Honest and Genuine.. He helped me get my lover back, there is no bad or negative effect.The Psychic uses white Magic and he helped me get my Lover back, it worked after 11 hours.. My lover came back to me, apologized for leaving and now we are back together and as happy as ever… I will encourage and recommend anyone to contact the spell caster and ask him for help.. He does all kinds of spells asides love spells. just tell him your situation and he will help you…Here his contact...WhatsApp him: +234 705 427 7449, Email him at: doctorotager69@gmail.com https://facebook.com/Dr-otager-sepell-temple-10213751578/ Dr otager sepell casteer

Ethanmia Gayl
Ethanmia Gayl
May 2, 2022

Hello, I am Ethanmia Gayl After being in relationship with Anderson for years, he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem. if you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or any other Case. 1) Love Spells 2) Lost Love Spells 3) Divorce Spells 4) Marriage Spells 5) Binding Spell 6) Breakup Spells 7) Banish a past Lover 8.) You want to be promoted in your office/ Lottery spell 9) Want to satisfy your lover Contact this great man if you are having any problem for a lasting solution Fb@: Solution Centre To Quick Erection and Marriage Issue email: fastspellcast@gmail.com what's app: +2347036165539

austin mike
austin mike
May 4, 2022

Hello everyone. I was heartbroken because i had very small penis, not nice to satisfy a woman, i had so many relationship called off because of my situation, i have used so many product which i found online but none could offer me the help i searched for. i saw some few comments about this specialist called Dr OLU and decided to email him on drolusolutionhome@gmail.com so I decided to give his herbal product a try. i emailed him and he got back to me, he gave me some comforting words with his herbal pills for Penis t, Enlargement Within 5 day of it, i began to feel the enlargement of my penis, ” and now it just 2 weeks of using his products my penis is about 10 inches longer and am so happy..feel free to contact DR OLU on(drolusolutionhome@gmail.com) or whatsapp him on this number +2348140654426

nathaniel bacon
nathaniel bacon
May 6, 2022

Real Love Spell To Bring Back Your Ex lover Real Instant Revenge Death Spell To Kill Anyone Overnight If you desperately need an honest and real death spell caster who can help you cast a perfect death spell on anyone then contact this great death spell caster called Dr otager. He saved my relationship when he helped me cast a death spell on the lady that almost took my honey completely away from me, just within 24hours after the casting the bitch died in her sleeping bed. He also specialize in different Spells. He is real and trusted also, because I confirmed it myself. You too can try this man also: Call/WhatsApp: +2347054277449 Email: doctorotager69@gmail.com https://www.facebook.com/Dr-otager-sepell-temple-102137515781078/ Icon for this message Dr otager sepell temple Email him at: doctorotager69@gmail.com

Emily Walters
Emily Walters
May 7, 2022

Here is my testimony.. I thought it was over for me when my ex left. I gave all I had for the relationship to work but it was all failure. 4month after my partner left me for another person, I was introduced to Dr Nana and he helped me bring back my ex in 11hrs. Now we are fully married and I am 2months pregnant. I promised Dr Nana that i will tell everybody about him if it works. I am very glad to be living a happy life with my love. He did it for me and I am 100% sure that he will do yours. I am a living example. You can contact him on nanakwakuspiritualist@gmail.com Whatsapp contact +14049195577 or visit https://lovespellsite.blogspot.com/.

Emily Walters
Emily Walters
May 8, 2022

Here is my testimony.. I thought it was over for me when my ex left. I gave all I had for the relationship to work but it was all failure. 4month after my partner left me for another person, I was introduced to Dr Nana and he helped me bring back my ex in 11hrs. Now we are fully married and I am 2months pregnant. I promised Dr Nana that i will tell everybody about him if it works. I am very glad to be living a happy life with my love. He did it for me and I am 100% sure that he will do yours. I am a living example. You can contact him on nanakwakuspiritualist@gmail.com Whatsapp contact +14049195577 or visit https://lovespellsite.blogspot.com/.

Maria Leonardo
Maria Leonardo
May 13, 2022

Hello everyone i want to testify of the great and powerful spell caster named dr Jumba who brought back my ex who left me and got engaged to another girl,We were happy together when all of a sudden he just change he used to call me every morning and and night before going to bed but all that stopped when i call him he yell at me and told me he didn't want to have anything to do with me anymore i was so sad and confused i didn't know what to do then i went online to search on how to get back my ex then i found this youtube channel https://www.youtube.com/shorts/5wq6vgKWeao where someone was talking about how the great and powerful Dr Jumba helped her and she left his email address i took it and contacted him i told him my problem he only smiled and told me to relax everything will be OK i did everything he asked me to do and he assured me that after 24hrs he will be back,To my greatest surprise the next morning it was my boyfriend he came back kneeling and begging for me to accept him back now we are so happy together he can also help you contact him on wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com  website : https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com

nathaniel bacon
nathaniel bacon
May 13, 2022

Real Love Spell To Bring Back Your Ex lover Real Instant Revenge Death Spell To Kill Anyone Overnight If you desperately need an honest and real death spell caster who can help you cast a perfect death spell on anyone then contact this great death spell caster called Dr otager. He saved my relationship when he helped me cast a death spell on the lady that almost took my honey completely away from me, just within 24hours after the casting the bitch died in her sleeping bed. He also specialize in different Spells. He is real and trusted also, because I confirmed it myself. You too can try this man also: Call/WhatsApp: +2347054277449 Email: doctorotager69@gmail.com https://www.facebook.com/Dr-otager-sepell-temple-102137515781078/ Icon for this message Dr otager sepell temple Email him at: doctorotager69@gmail.com

Richard Covenant
Richard Covenant
May 17, 2022

I got my test result yesterday and I finally tested negative to HSV 2. It really feels good to have my life back and I am so thankful to Dr. Okiti for helping me out..... If anyone reading this comments wants to contact Dr. Okiti for questions or help here is his email drokitiherbalhome100@gmail.com

nathaniel bacon
nathaniel bacon
May 18, 2022

fix your broken relationship... I met a Powerful Spell caster called Dr otager, He is Real, Honest and Genuine.. He helped me get my lover back, there is no bad or negative effect.The Psychic uses white Magic and he helped me get my Lover back, it worked after 11 hours.. My lover came back to me, apologized for leaving and now we are back together and as happy as ever… I will encourage and recommend anyone to contact the spell caster and ask him for help.. He does all kinds of spells asides love spells. just tell him your situation and he will help you…Here his contact...WhatsApp him: +234 705 427 7449, Email him at: doctorotager69@gmail.com https://facebook.com/Dr-otager-sepell-temple-10213751578/ Dr otager sepell casteer

Thomas
Thomas
May 18, 2022

First, I want to complement this page administrator for creating this platform for us to express our feelings. Herpes is a serious and recurring disease which can't be cured through drugs or injections by the American doctors but the best way to deal with herpes is by taking natural herbs medicine from Dr Moi the greatest herbalist doctor in the world and is only few American doctors that know about this herbal medicine from Dr Moi .. I have read about Dr Moi the great herbalist doctor from African who can cure disease with his powerful herbal medicine. for the people suffering from the following diseases, Herpes,HIV/Aids, Cancer, Also, Hepatitis, Diabetes, Hpv, Infections ETC should contact him for his herbal medicine because i am a living testimony and i was cured of herpes. Although, i sent him what he requested and he sent me his medicine through UPS courier delivery company which i took for 2 weeks and today when i went for test i was tested herpes negative. you can reach him through his email: dr_moisolutiontemple@yahoo.com Whatsapp him Directly Through +254772376126

Shannon Mattingly from USA
Shannon Mattingly from USA
May 19, 2022

Get your ex husband/wife back Quickly & Permanently. My name is Shannon Mattingly from USA. My husband left me for another woman. The most painful thing is that I was pregnant with our second baby. I wanted him back. I did everything within my reach to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so badly because of the love I had for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back , I had no choice than to try it. I messaged the spell caster called dr unity, and he assured me there was no problem and that everything will be okay before 11 hours. He cast the spell and surprisingly 11 hours later my husband called me. I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that had happened He wanted me to return to him. He also said he loved me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again.thanks to dr unity . if you are here and your Lover is turning you down, or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact Dr.Unity for help now.. Here his contact...WhatsApp: +2348055361568 , Email: Unityspelltemple@gmail. com

Asho Karer
Asho Karer
May 20, 2022

URGENT AND EFFECTIVE LOVE SPELL THAT WORK. DR LARRY +1(424)-261-8520 Hello everyone i want to testify of the great and powerful spell caster named Dr Larry who brought back my ex who left me and got engaged to another girl, We where happy together when all of a sudden he just change he used to call me every morning and and night before going to bed but all that stopped when i call him he yell at me and told me he didn't want to have anything to do with me anymore i was so sad and confused i didn't know what to do then i went online to search on how to get back my ex then i found an article where someone was talking about how the great and powerful Dr Larry helped her and she left his email address i took it and contacted him i told him my problem he only smiled and told me to relax everything will be OK i did everything he asked me to do and he assured me that after 24hrs he will be back, To my greatest surprise the next morning it was my boyfriend he came back kneeling and begging for me to accept him back now we are so happy together he can also help you contact him.  View on youtube https://youtu.be/ginVXzh2Q78 EMAIL: assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com   Website: http://assurancesolutioncenter.website2.me/    CALL/WHATSAPP: +1(424)-261-8520   https://www.facebook.com/assurancesolutionhome/

nathaniel bacon
nathaniel bacon
May 20, 2022

fix your broken relationship... I met a Powerful Spell caster called Dr otager, He is Real, Honest and Genuine.. He helped me get my lover back, there is no bad or negative effect.The Psychic uses white Magic and he helped me get my Lover back, it worked after 11 hours.. My lover came back to me, apologized for leaving and now we are back together and as happy as ever… I will encourage and recommend anyone to contact the spell caster and ask him for help.. He does all kinds of spells asides love spells. just tell him your situation and he will help you…Here his contact...WhatsApp him: +234 705 427 7449, Email him at: doctorotager69@gmail.com https://facebook.com/Dr-otager-sepell-temple-10213751578/ Dr otager sepell casteer

Shannon Mattingly from USA
Shannon Mattingly from USA
May 23, 2022

Get your ex husband/wife back Quickly & Permanently. My name is Shannon Mattingly from USA. My husband left me for another woman. The most painful thing is that I was pregnant with our second baby. I wanted him back. I did everything within my reach to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so badly because of the love I had for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back , I had no choice than to try it. I messaged the spell caster called dr unity, and he assured me there was no problem and that everything will be okay before 11 hours. He cast the spell and surprisingly 11 hours later my husband called me. I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that had happened He wanted me to return to him. He also said he loved me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again.thanks to dr unity . if you are here and your Lover is turning you down, or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact Dr.Unity for help now.. Here his contact...WhatsApp: +2348055361568 , Email: Unityspelltemple@gmail.com , website:http://unityspelltemple.website2.me

Emily Walters
Emily Walters
May 24, 2022

Here is my testimony.. I thought it was over for me when my ex left. I gave all I had for the relationship to work but it was all failure. 4month after my partner left me for another person, I was introduced to Dr Nana and he helped me bring back my ex in 11hrs. Now we are fully married and I am 2months pregnant. I promised Dr Nana that i will tell everybody about him if it works. I am very glad to be living a happy life with my love. He did it for me and I am 100% sure that he will do yours. I am a living example. You can contact him on nanakwakuspiritualist@gmail.com Whatsapp contact +14049195577 or visit https://lovespellsite.blogspot.com/.

Lisa Amy
Lisa Amy
May 25, 2022

How To get your ex lover back fast and reliable, contact Dr Sam help, he is the best spell caster in the world. His spell has no problem. His spell brought back my husband who had been divorced with me for many years. so if you need his help regarding your relationship contact him email Dr Sam for help at Supremespellcast@gmail.com

Shannon Mattingly from USA
Shannon Mattingly from USA
May 27, 2022

Get your ex husband/wife back Quickly & Permanently. My name is Shannon Mattingly from USA. My husband left me for another woman. The most painful thing is that I was pregnant with our second baby. I wanted him back. I did everything within my reach to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so badly because of the love I had for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back , I had no choice than to try it. I messaged the spell caster called dr unity, and he assured me there was no problem and that everything will be okay before 11 hours. He cast the spell and surprisingly 11 hours later my husband called me. I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that had happened He wanted me to return to him. He also said he loved me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again.thanks to dr unity . if you are here and your Lover is turning you down, or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact Dr.Unity for help now.. Here his contact...WhatsApp: +2348055361568 , Email: Unityspelltemple@gmail.com , website:http://unityspelltemple.website2.me

nathaniel bacon
nathaniel bacon
21 hours ago

Real Love Spell To Bring Back Your Ex lover Real Instant Revenge Death Spell To Kill Anyone Overnight If you desperately need an honest and real death spell caster who can help you cast a perfect death spell on anyone then contact this great death spell caster called Dr otager. He saved my relationship when he helped me cast a death spell on the lady that almost took my honey completely away from me, just within 24hours after the casting the bitch died in her sleeping bed. He also specialize in different Spells. He is real and trusted also, because I confirmed it myself. You too can try this man also: Call/WhatsApp: +2347054277449 Email: doctorotager69@gmail.com https://www.facebook.com/Dr-otager-sepell-temple-102137515781078/ Icon for this message Dr otager sepell temple Email him at: doctorotager69@gmail.com

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