Inerting-gas-freeing

Explosions and fire on ships have been the main headlines in the year 2018.

If you’ve been keeping up with the latest shipping news, you know what I am talking about.

Fire on tankers is the most dreadful thing to imagine, specially in case the tanker is a loaded tanker.

But there was a time when safety on tankers used to be the only concern.

In present world, we need to do things safely and we need to do it economically.

For example if you are inerting a tank with shore nitrogen, doing it safely is not the only criteria.

Of course, it is the most important one.

But you will also be questioned about the time taken in inerting the tanks and amount of shore nitrogen that you have used in doing so.

There are creatures out there who are counting each second of extra time taken and each gram of the additional resource used.

And they aren’t doing anything wrong.

Market is tough and competitive. An ounce saved is an ounce earned.

The only way to do the things safely as well as economically is to understand the task inside out.

Why we are doing it and how do we do it?

In this post I will discuss about inerting of cargo tanks on tankers.

Inerting

Tankers carry flammable cargoes.

Which means that one element of fire-triangle (Fuel) is always present on tankers. And we know that oxygen is omni-present.

The only thing stopping the completion of fire triangle would be the source of ignition.

Considering what is at stake, the safety of tankers cannot rely on just one single barrier.

For this reason, the oxygen level inside the cargo tanks need to be such that even if the source of ignition is accidentally present, the fire triangle would still not complete.

The process of reducing the oxygen level in the cargo tank is called inerting.

Oxygen content to less than 8% is required to be in the tanks containing flammable cargoes.

And to be able to bring the cargo tank to that oxygen level, Inert gas containing less than 5% of oxygen is introduced in the cargo tank.

Now comes the important part.

The time required to inert a tank to less than 8% of oxygen level from 20.9% of oxygen level !!!

If you just introduce the inert gas in the cargo tanks without a plan, you may end up doing this endlessly with cargo tank still at more than 8% oxygen.

There need to be a plan and use of specific method and techniques of doing it.

Broadly there are two methods of doing it. Both very effective but we need to choose one. Here is what these method of inerting are called.

  • Inerting by Dilution method
  • Inerting by Displacement Method

Before we get to these methods, we must understand the basic pipelines structure inside a cargo tank.

cargo-tank-on-tanker

There is a drop line through which cargo is loaded.

There is a vapour line (or IG Line) which is connected to the IG(inert gas) line. The same line may form as the Vapour line on the manifold.

And then there is a purge pipe. On some tankers (specially chemical tankers), one part of PV valve may act as a purge pipe.

Now let us get back to the method of inerting.

Inerting by Dilution method

As the name suggests, with this method we reduce the oxygen content in the tank by diluting the air inside with inert gas containing lesser oxygen (less than 5% by volume).

We keep on diluting it till the time the oxygen in the tank is less than 8% by volume.

Usually this is achieved with 3-4 air changes.

For example, let us say that the tank is of 4000 m3 capacity. This means that when we have diluted the air inside the tank with about 12000 m3 of inert gas, it would have around 8% of oxygen by volume.

But that is only when it is done correctly.

Okk, let us first see how it is done.

We supply the inert gas through IG line and we open the purge flap of the purge line to let the air inside the tank escape.

The velocity of the inert gas entering the tank need to be more in this method.

Why?

Because we need to dilute the air inside. If the velocity of the inert gas is less, half of it may escape through the purge pipe and the dilution of the air will not be to the maximum capacity.

dilution-method-slow-rate

This would take much longer time to reduce the oxygen level in the tank.

So if we need to inert say 10 tanks and if decide it to be done by dilution method, we cannot open all the 10 tanks at one time.

If we start inerting all the 10 tanks with dilution method, the velocity of the inert gas entering the tanks will be too low for dilution method.

So in this case, we can start with 2 tanks. Once these two tanks are inerted to less than 8% oxygen we can switch over to the next set of 2 tanks.

Inerting by displacement method

Displacement method is little different from dilution method.

In this method, we displace the air inside the tank with the inert gas.

With this method close to one air change is required to achieve less than 8% of oxygen from initial 21%. oxygen in the tank.

Let us see how it is done.

In this method, the inert gas is introduced from the bottom of the tank. This is done by supplying the inert gas through drop line of the tank.

To be able to do that, IG line need to connected to the cargo lines at the manifold.

If multiple tanks are to be inerted, these tanks can be connected to the common line and then IG line can be connected to the common line.

manifold-arrangement-displacement-method-inerting

We then need to set up the cargo lines just as we do for loading through drop line and start the IG.

Now the inert gas will enter the cargo tank from the bottom part of the tank (through drop line).

As the inert gas fills the bottom of the tank the existing air (with 20.9% oxygen) will keep on exiting through the open purge pipe.

inerting-by-displacement

The idea is to gradually and slowly displace the air inside the cargo tank with the inert gas.

And one thing that we need to ensure during this is that the inert gas must not be mixed with the air exiting through the purge pipe.

Otherwise it will take longer time to reduce the oxygen content of the tank.

And the only way to ensure that is to introduce the inert gas inside the tank at slow rate or speed.

As you would note that this rule is completely opposite to the dilution method where the inert gas was required to enter the tank at high speed or rate.

So when inerting the tanks with displacement method, we need to keep at least 4-6 tanks open when IG is running at full capacity.

Which method of Inerting to choose?

Both the methods of inerting cargo tanks are equally good and effective.

But we cannot choose both the methods. When inerting a tank, we need to choose which method we need to use for inerting.

The decision is not that difficult.

It all depends upon two factors.

1. how many tanks we need to inert?

If there are only one or two tanks for inerting, we definitely need to inert with dilution method. This would be faster.

If we use displacement method in this case then we would need to run the IG at the reduced rate and thus it would take more time to inert the tanks.

Inerting by dilution method

But if there are 10 or more tanks to inert, displacement method would be faster.

This is simply because with displacement method, ideally close to one air change is required in one tank to bring it to the required oxygen level.

Inerting by displacement method

With Dilution method it is close to 3-6 air changes.

And then there is an area in between that range of number of tanks in which you can choose either of these methods.

2. Rate of Inert gas supply

Whatever I said in the first point (number of tanks), that was based upon the use of ship’s Inert gas plant for supply of inert gas.

But sometimes we do need to inert with short IG (mostly nitrogen). This is particularly the case with chemical tankers with no IG plant.

If the charterers require the tanks to be inerted, the IG (nitrogen) is supplied by the shore.

In this case, to choose the inerting method not only the number of tanks would matter but also the rate of shore IG supply.

For example if the rate of supply is only 100 m3/Hr, even if there are 1~2 tanks to inert, it would still need to be done with displacement method.

Similarly, if the rate of supply is as too high, even if there are 10 tanks to inert, it may be required to inerted with dilution method.

Monitoring the inerting operation

You have done everything right so far. Chose the correct method of inerting and set up all the lines correctly.

But that would not do any good if you do not correctly monitor the inerting operation.

The monitoring need to be such that anything wrong must able to be identified as early as  possible.

Apart from safety of the crew exposed to inert gas, there are two main things that we need to monitor.

  • Pressure inside the tank so that tank is not over-pressurised
  • Oxygen content of the tanks being inerted

There are multiple locations from where the oxygen content of the tanks can be checked during inerting.

But it is so much important to choose the correct location for measuring oxygen content.

For example if you are inerting with dilution method (inert gas entering from top of the tank), then it is important that the measurement is taken from the bottom of the tank.

In this case if you measure the oxygen content at the top of the tank then your readings may be wrong because of inert gas entering the tank from a nearby point.

Similarly, if you are inerting with the displacement method, it is important to measure the oxygen content at the top of the tank.

This is because the oxygen content in this case will be drastically different at bottom and top of the tank.

oxygent-content-at-different-levels-displacement-method-of-inerting

So it is important to decide the location from which we need to measure the oxygen content of the tank during inerting.

Oxygen content measurement points

Next we also need to be aware of the points from where the oxygen content can be measured.

If we need to measure the oxygen content from top of the tank, this can be done by measuring it from

  • Purge pipe
  • UTI Vapour lock

For the purge pipe the oxygen content is checked from the air coming out of the purge pipe during inerting.

No, you do not need to climb up and expose yourself to the gas coming out of the purge pipe. There is usually a point given on the purge pipe from where you can connect the inlet of your oxygen analyser.

Purge-Pipe

On chemical tanker, sometimes there are two identical points that are given on the purge pipe (On chemical tankers PV valve line usually acts as purge pipe).

One of these point is for nitrogen padding from nitrogen bottles. This point has a non return valve fitted and thus will not give any reading if used for measuring oxygen content.

In this case, we must know and identify the point which is for measuring the gas concentration in the tank.

We can measure the oxygen content from the UTI port (Vapour lock) too. From here we can measure oxygen content at the top of the tank or at the bottom of the tank.

We just need to lower the oxygen analyser inlet tube of that length.

What to expect during monitoring oxygen content?

We have started the inerting of the tanks.

After one hour we measure the oxygen content of the tanks. How much reading we should expect?

If we do not know this, we may not be able to find anything wrong that we may be doing.

Knowing what to expect would really help in this case.

For example, if the oxygen reading after one hour is much less than we expected, the reading could be wrong.

And if the oxygen reading after one hour is much more than we expected, we could be doing something wrong that can be corrected at this early stage.

But the question remains, how much reading should we expect.

It is not that difficult. Jut look at this image of displacement method.

inerting-by-displacement

Let us say this is the situation after one hour.

If we measure oxygen content at this stage from the purge pipe, what reading you would expect?

Yes, you got it. Close to 21%.

Because in displacement method, it would mostly be air that will come out initially.

It is only when you have supplied amount of IG close to the capacity of the tank that you would see sharp decrease in oxygen reading of the tank.

oxygen-with-time-displacement-method-inerting

For example let us say the capacity of your cargo tank is 2400 m3, capacity of IG plant is 3600 m3/hr and you have opened 6 tanks for inerting with displacement method.

Which means each tank is getting IG with approx rate of 600m3/hr. In this case the tank would take approx 4 hours for inerting to less than 8% oxygen content.

If we chcck the oxygen content in first or second hour, we would find very less change in oxygen content.

But now that we understand, there is nothing to worry about it.

With dilution method it is just the opposite.

In dilution method, the inert gas is  continuously getting mixed with the air inside the tank. Which means that the oxygen content is continuously reducing inside the tank.

inerting-with-dilution-method

So in this case, if the oxygen content of the tank is not gradually decreasing you know there could be something wrong

May be something like the rate of IG entering the tank is low which is not allowing it to dilute the air at the bottom of the tank

Remember we are measuring oxygen at the bottom of the tank in dilution method !!!

Gas Freeing

The principle of gas freeing is not different from the inerting that we discussed so far.

The basic difference between gas freeing asn inerting is that in gas freeing the tank we are trying to bring it back to

  • Oxygen: 20.9%
  • Hydrocarbon: less than 1% of the LEL
  • Toxic gases: Below its threshold exposure limit

Displacement and dilution methods are applicable for gas freeing too.

I will discuss the process of gas freeing in detail in one of the future blog.

Conclusion

The only way to be able to do something safely and economically is to know the job inside out.

Otherwise it is either safe or economical.

Inerting is one such job that needs time. But if the inerting is not done the way it should be, the time required can increase multiple times.

Related Blogs

Follow us Today on
our social network

Capt Rajeev Jassal

About Capt Rajeev Jassal

Capt. Rajeev Jassal has sailed for over 19 years mainly on crude oil, product and chemical tankers. He holds MBA in shipping & Logistics degree from London. He has done extensive research on quantitatively measuring Safety culture onboard and safety climate ashore which he believes is the most important element for safer shipping.

Search Blog

68 Comments

vijeesh kumar
vijeesh kumar
Jul 22, 2018

Excellent..... Well explained.... Sir please make an article on cargo calculation on tankers

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Jul 23, 2018

Thanks Vijeesh... I will write on cargo calculation in near future...

yemi lawrence
yemi lawrence
May 14, 2021

Good day sir, please i will also like to have more knowledge on cargo calculationst

Olivia Hannah
Olivia Hannah
Oct 9, 2021

Hi everyone I'm Olivia Hannah and am here to share the wonderful work Dr Raypower did for me. After 5 years in marriage with my husband with 2 kids, my husband started acting weird and going out with other ladies and showed me cold love, on several occasions he threatens to divorce me if I dare question him about his affair with other ladies, I was totally devastated and confused until a old friend of mine told me about a spell caster on the internet called Dr. Raypower who help people with relationship and marriage problem by the powers of love spells, at first I doubted if such thing ever exists but decided to give it a try, when I contact him, he helped me cast a love spell and within 48hours my husband came back to me and started apologizing, now he has stopped going out with other ladies and his with me for good and for real. Contact this great love spell caster for your relationship or marriage problem to be solved today via email: Urgentspellcast@gmail.com or Urgentspellcast@yahoo.com or WhatsApp: +14243308109. Read more about him on his website: https://urgentspellcast.wordpress.com/

Ivan
Ivan
Jul 23, 2018

Ur explanations are crystal clear Capt. Very comprehensive and easy to grasp.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Jul 23, 2018

Thanks Ivan...Glad you liked it.

Mandeep
Mandeep
Jul 23, 2018

Great articles Capt. Rajeev. Excited to read the next article.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 14, 2018

Glad you liked it Mandeep...

Hoi Nguyen
Hoi Nguyen
Jul 26, 2018

Tks. Capt.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 14, 2018

Thanks Hoi...

Chem Master
Chem Master
Jul 26, 2018

I have another method also capt. Ifor example i give inert to 1w wherever from u give bottom or top then i kept thank full secured and let the gas go to 2w tanks from there outside bythe time i earn time and make also 2w inerted almost this goimg by tank by . I hope i expalined clearly

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 14, 2018

Yes, that is also one of the method.

Deepak
Deepak
Dec 15, 2018

Pls note that when IG passes through lines and valves, it gets sooth deposits embedded. There are high chances to loose valve integrity while passing IG from one tank to other using lines other than for direct IG inlets.

Chirag Karelia
Chirag Karelia
Jul 28, 2018

Thanks a lot sir for clear understanding specially 3-4 air changes for dilution method and 1 air change for displacement method.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 14, 2018

Glad you found it useful Chirag...

CHEM MASTER
CHEM MASTER
Jul 28, 2018

Tanks are full 97.9 percent and termianl asking for padding after loading .So how much we Bar we must agree with terminal at such situation ?Vpr line dia and hose 8 inch

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 14, 2018

Padding is usually done with not more than 1 inch or lesser size hose. Padding with 8 inch hose is dangerous.

CHEM MASTER
CHEM MASTER
Jul 29, 2018

I do not agree also when you use dilution (giving from top) it slow then Discplacemet . You do not need to use to Pv to relaease the pressure . If you use N2 . Mostly people know wromg N2 is not heavier than air .N2 is lighter than air so when you use Dilution method do not open Pv gas free fans if you are not in a terminal . If you are on sea you can keep close all tank hatches and open drop let the n2 pass through to loading line and and crack open the manifold valve . Sich way dilution method will work a lot always keep positive prrssure inside the tank min 30 mbar and check from radar constantly . If you have more pressure open manifold more .So as Capt Rajeev says you do not need to increase and decrease the capacity of IG or N2 . Ycappacity depend on pv vent but you are not using Pv .A tank load rate depend on its pv capacity if you will open manifold valve through the gas passing from drop valves .You ll not have any pressure due to so no need to decrease the any capacity . Iyou do not need to any capacity of of IG or N2 in any time open tank hatches crack if your Pressure insidd the tank a lot . Both methods are good working if you know what to do

MD ASRAFUL HASAN
MD ASRAFUL HASAN
Aug 1, 2018

Dear sir , awaiting for your gas freeing articles. Regards md.asraful hasan

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 14, 2018

Will write on that in near future. Thanks.

Paresh Devalia
Paresh Devalia
Sep 21, 2018

The way you explain the thing are, sooo simple and clear. many thanx for upload sir.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 14, 2018

Glad you found it useful Paresh...

BHARAT SINGH YADAV
BHARAT SINGH YADAV
Sep 28, 2018

Thanks, Good compare to others Capt.

Rajeev Jassal
Rajeev Jassal
Oct 14, 2018

Thanks Bharat...

ASHISH
ASHISH
Oct 19, 2018

Sir can we do purging without purge pipe What may be the other option for purging

Zibi Kossak
Zibi Kossak
Oct 21, 2018

Dear Capt Rajeev Jassal Pls one more explanation about how to effectively purging Cargo tanks to reduce H2S,with putting stress on outlet vapor.

kumar saurav
kumar saurav
Dec 13, 2018

Very good explanation, in easy terms Please keep on posting. I have some questions, like life boat lowering and recovery of free fall and gravity type

Baldev Choudhary
Baldev Choudhary
Dec 15, 2018

As usual your articles are written with basic terminology. Very helpful in understanding. Please keep posting more frequently(if possible). Awaiting for more such tanker topics Like crude oil washing etc. Thanks Sir.

Nilesh PG
Nilesh PG
Feb 16, 2019

Good day sir, Your article's on various topic are very useful fginor us, i request you to please post a article on step by step loading and Discharging operation on Oil tanker. Which include all stages of operation, so that it will Help to understand tanker for non tanker students. Waiting for your positive reply.

Sarang Sood
Sarang Sood
Feb 25, 2019

Very nicely explained , I really love to read your blog. Always waiting for new updates . The best thing I like about this blog is that its quality over quantity.

VIKALP RAWAT
VIKALP RAWAT
Dec 13, 2019

Very informative and well explained, thanks captain sir

Eyad
Eyad
Jan 8, 2020

Thanks a lot for your Articles ; it's really very useful.

Siyavush
Siyavush
Jan 11, 2020

Many thanks indeed.

Amit Dixit
Amit Dixit
Jan 12, 2020

Hello captain, my doubt is that in the flammable diagram we know the value of LEL is 1% by vol, but when ISGOTT is taken into consideration for gas freeing procedures, the requirement says that tanks to be purged to below 2% by vol before commencing gas freeing. why they have taken 2% as I'm not justified with the value.

Rollie Camacho
Rollie Camacho
Apr 11, 2020

Good day to you Capt. Rajeev..i like the way you explain very precise and clear... I read a lot of your article... Very knowledgable... I hope you right more article regarding chief officer duties most specially cargo operation... Coz im anspiring Chief officer soon... More power to you... ????????????

Richard N. Teves
Richard N. Teves
May 4, 2020

Thanks to your very informative articles Captain sir. I keep on reading your maritime blogs, it really helps me a lot.

Maxwell
Maxwell
May 14, 2020

Captain honestly you really gave an in depth analysis on this topic. Thanks a lot I've really learnt enough and I appreciate.

Akhil vikram singh
Akhil vikram singh
May 15, 2020

Thanks for uploading blog Sir Thanku so much sir

CHOI
CHOI
May 31, 2020

Thank you so much sir your explanation makes me fully and easily understand

Kumar Sanjeev
Kumar Sanjeev
Jun 11, 2020

Hi, in a product tanker, after loading gasoline, are the tank intertized ? if yes, what kind of inert gas is normally used for it? thanks

Shrey Roy
Shrey Roy
Jul 5, 2020

Thank you Sir

Daisy.Doris
Daisy.Doris
Jul 6, 2020

Old people who rely on the encouragement of others to fight are not strong; those who are encouraged by others to struggle are simply cowards

Nitesh thakur
Nitesh thakur
Jul 24, 2020

Excellent explanation sir, awaiting your blog on gas freeing..

Satish Yadav
Satish Yadav
Sep 18, 2020

Capt sir as you stated that in the displacement method the incoming air is introduced from the bottom through the bellmouth and the existing

Satish Yadav
Satish Yadav
Sep 18, 2020

Is Inert Gas from the boiler lighter or heavier then air ??

Amar anand
Amar anand
Dec 1, 2020

Nice blog Sir

Mohammed sharif
Mohammed sharif
Jan 22, 2021

Thanks, Vijeesh..

Ante
Ante
Jan 28, 2021

Disolacemet method is involved introducing IG the inert gas at the top of the tank

Rinkal Rana
Rinkal Rana
Feb 25, 2021

Displacement method involves IG being entered from top of the tanks to displace the HC gases. Reason is IG being slightly lighter in density to HC gases.

Yash Raj
Yash Raj
Mar 28, 2021

Sir, it has been explained nicely but I had one doubt. Cargo Work by Errol Fernandes says that in the Displacement method, the IG is introduced with low velocity from top and the CH vapors will therefore exit through some bottom piping arrangements (As CH gas is heavier then IG). But in the above explained case, air is shown in the diagram. If we do inerting I guess this is correct but instead when we do gas freeing I guess Cargo Work is correct.

amir
amir
Apr 9, 2021

Interesting Blog. Thank you for your time. I have a question regarding methods of monitoring O2. In your opinion, continuous measurement of O2 would be advantageous or measuring it time to time using portable O2 analyzer is enough? For any reason, there might be a leakage in tank, is it necessary to monitor O2 level after tank is loaded with cargo?

Rajesh
Rajesh
Jun 16, 2021

Excellent explanation sir. Could you please advise what is the optimum pressure we can keep in IG main line for Both the methods?? Accordingly we can Adjust Purge flap or Tank Doom settings??

Timothy Dale
Timothy Dale
Jun 20, 2021

PERFECT LOTTERY SPELL THAT WORK FAST WITHIN 24 HOURS WITH DR RAYPOWER LOTTERY SPELL POWERS I saw so many testimonies about Dr Raypower a great lottery spell caster that will help you cast a lottery spell and give you the rightful numbers to win the lottery, i didn't believe it, at first but as life got harder i decided to take a try,  I contacted him also and told him i want to win a lottery he cast a lottery spell for me which i use and i play and i won $3,000,000 (THREE MILLION DOLLARS). I am so grateful to this man Dr Raypower and I am making this known to everyone out there who have been trying all day to win the lottery, believe me this is the only way to win the lottery, this is the real secret we all have been searching for. Do not waste time contact him today for you to also be a winner contact info below. Email: Urgentspellcast@gmail.com or Urgentspellcast@yahoo.com WhatsApp: +1 (424) 330-8109 Website: https://urgentspellcast.wordpress.com/

micheal pan
micheal pan
Jun 22, 2021

BE SMART AND BECOME RICH IN LESS THAN 3DAYS....It all depends on how fast  you can be to get the new PROGRAMMED blank ATM card that is capable of hacking into any ATM machine,anywhere in the world. I got to know about  this BLANK ATM CARD when I was searching for job online about a month  ago..It has really changed my life for good and now I can say I'm rich and  I can never be poor again. The least money I get in a day with it is about  $50,000.(fifty thousand USD) Every now and then I keeping pumping money  into my account. Though is illegal,there is no risk of being caught  ,because it has been programmed in such a way that it is not traceable,it  also has a technique that makes it impossible for the CCTVs to detect  you..For details on how to get yours today, email the hackers on : ( atmmachinehackers1@gmail.com ). Tell your  loved once too, and start to live large. That's the simple testimony of how  my life changed for good...Love you all ...the email address again is ; atmmachinehackers1@gmail.com

Caillo Lisa
Caillo Lisa
Jun 22, 2021

This is another testimony on how Chief Dr Lucky cured my HIV disease. Do you need a cure for your HIV disease? Do you want to be cured from your cancer disease? Or you want to be free from any type of disease. Kindly visit his website https://chiefdrluckyherbaltherapy.wordpress.com/ . He just cured my HIV disease and I’m very grateful to him, he is the only herbalist that can cure you.   WhatsApp number : +2348132777335  Via Email : chiefdrlucky@gmail.com Thank you all for reading, God bless"

KETINA BARLEY
KETINA BARLEY
Jun 28, 2021

I want to say thanks once again to this great man called Dr Zuma and his spiritual way of helping people i lives in USA with my husband we love each other and also he care about me always look forward to make things easy for both of us 9 years after our wedding, we both work harder to make a family greatest surprise, we have a kid after some times again, we have another one so with this, we live in peace and he was so honest to me shortly, he started misbehaving that i don’t know what is going on then i asked him. Darling what is going on? you are so strange to me this few days hope i have not offended you? he said no. Not knowing he have an affair with one lady out side who promised him a car and apartment in one estate were i cannot see him also when he cannot see me i manage to stay with him pleading him he should forgive me if i have wrong him he started complaining he has no money that he has lost all his money in his business that he needs some money then i asked him how much is this money you are looking for? he did not know i can afford it. Then, he said $14,000USD i promised him i we give it to him just for him to care about his family. My greatest surprise, the next day, i went to work and our two kids were in school not knowing his going to leave the house before i come’s back i met some of his things outside i was waiting for him to come back he never come back i cried i miss him so much and he have taking all my money away i was only left with $800USD. One day, as i was ready a blog i saw a testifier made by someone in Australia called Jessica telling people about how this man call Dr Zuma helped her and the man’s contact email was there and his mobile number then i contacted him for a help and really, he brought back my husband now am so happy my brothers and sister if you are in such relationship problem kindly via Email spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com or Whatsapp +15068001647 Blog: https://spiritualherbal.blogspot.com he will help you solve all your problems.

tony cam
tony cam
Jul 10, 2021

My name is Tom cam!!! i am very grateful sharing this great testimonies with you all, The best thing that has ever happened in my life, is how i worn the Powerball lottery. I do believe that someday i will win the Powerball lottery. finally my dreams came through when i contacted Dr. OSE and tell him i needed the lottery winning special numbers cause i have come a long way spending money on ticket just to make sure i win. But i never knew that winning was so easy with the help of Dr. OSE, until the day i meant the spell caster testimony online, which a lot of people has talked about that he is very powerful and has great powers in casting lottery spell, so i decided to give it a try. I emailed Dr. OSE and he did a spell and gave me the winning lottery special numbers 62, and co-incidentally I have be playing this same number for the past 23years without any winning, But believe me when I play the special number 62 this time and the draws were out i was the mega winner because the special 62 matched all five white-ball numbers as well as the Powerball, in the April 4 drawing to win the $70 million jackpot prize...… Dr. OSE, truly you are the best, with Dr. OSE you can will millions of money through lottery. i am a living testimony and so very happy i meant him, and i will forever be grateful to him...… you can Email him for your own winning special lottery numbers now oseremenspelltemple@gmail.com OR WHATSAPP him +2348136482342

Jessica Smith
Jessica Smith
Jul 11, 2021

After being in relationship with Wilson for seven years,he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that don’t believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I meant a spell caster called Dr Zuma zuk and I email him, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email: spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com or WhatsApp him +15068001647 blog: spiritualherbal.blogspot.com you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or anything. CONTACT HIM NOW FOR SOLUTION TO ALL YOUR PROBLEMS

jessica stephen
jessica stephen
Jul 15, 2021

I am not sure I could have done it without you. I contacted a real spell caster that helped me change my husband’s heart to love and want me again, and he really did and now we are very happy together. My husband left me for another woman, This was just 3 years of our marriage. The most painful thing is that I was pregnant with our second baby. I wanted him back. I did everything within my reach to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so badly because of the love I had for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back , I had no choice than to try it. I messaged the spell caster called dr unity, and he assured me there was no problem and that everything will be okay before 11 hours. He cast the spell and surprisingly 11 hours later my husband called me. I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that had happened He wanted me to return to him. He also said he loved me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again.thanks to dr unity . if you are here and your Lover is turning you down, or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact Dr.Unity for help now.. Here his contact..WhatsApp him: +2348055361568 , Email him at: Unityspelltemple@gmail.com , Watch this YouTube channel to know how grateful I am https://youtube.com/shorts/rBPtBktMmtA?feature=share

Mrs. Santana Valdez
Mrs. Santana Valdez
Aug 3, 2021

i am giving this testimony cos l am happy My name is Mrs. Santana Valdez from Houston,taxes.i never believed in love spells or magic until i met this spell caster once. when i went to Canada in June 28th 2021 this year on a business summit. i meet a man called Dr Zuma zuk.He is powerful he could help you cast a spells to bring back my love's gone, misbehaving lover looking for some one to love you, bring back lost money and magic money spell or spell for a good job. i'm now happy & a living testimony cos the man i had wanted to marry left me 3 weeks before our wedding and my life was upside down cos our relationship has been on for 2 years. i really loved him, but his mother was against me and he had no good paying job. so when i met this spell caster, i told him what happened and explained the situation of things to him.. at first i was undecided, skeptical and doubtful, but i just gave it a try. and in 6 days when i returned to taxes, my boyfriend (is now my husband ) he called me by himself and came to me apologizing that everything had been settled with his mom and family and he got a new job interview so we should get married..i didn't believe it cos the spell caster only asked for my name and my boyfriends name and all i wanted him to do. well we are happily married now and we are expecting our little kid, and my husband also got a new job and our lives became much better. in case anyone needs the spell caster for some help, email address spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com Great Zuma zuk i thank you very much thank you in 1000000 times.. if not you i would have been losted and wasted thank you. Email Him Through his email address... spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com please make sure you contact him for any financial difficulties okay...What a powerful man such as Dr Zuma zuk.. he is so much powerful..\\ email him for any difficulties.. spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com His whatsapp +15068001647

FURKAN
FURKAN
Oct 21, 2021

Inert Gas Line connect with vapour line which at manifold area and we use inert gas line to discharge the vapour gas?

Sorina Jeffery
Sorina Jeffery
Dec 10, 2021

Are you looking for Finance? Are you looking for fast cash to enlarge your business Interested people should please contact us reply to us (Whats App) number: +919394133968 patialalegitimate515@gmail.com Mr Sorina

Shailesh gupta
Shailesh gupta
Dec 10, 2021

Why we need to stop ballasting operation incase of IG failure ? Asked by surveyor during orals

Karen09
Karen09
Jan 1, 2022

Hi everyone, my name is Karen! Top Secret Way To Win Lottery With The Help Of A Magic spell caster called Dr. Okosisi. I requested a lottery spell, and he cast the spell and sent me the winning lottery number. Now I am a proud lottery winner with the help of Dr. Okosisi. I won $1,000,000.00 ( One Million Dollars) Thank you so much sir for dedicating your time to cast the Lottery spell for me. I am extremely grateful for the Lottery spell you did for me. You can contact him now for your own winning numbers. Website: https://spellservicetemple.com/faq/ Email: spellservicetemple@gmail.com WhatsApp him: +1 (901) 235-9551 Karen

Mary Evans
Mary Evans
Jan 6, 2022

I want to say a big thanks to Dr. Okosisi for helping me to win the lottery. I won ($1,000,000.00) My heart was filled with Joy and happiness when I won the lottery. All thanks goes to Dr Okosisi for his good work he did for me that made me win the lottery. It has been hard for me to earn a living over the years of hard labor and suffering. I always pray to God to help me find a way to hit the lottery, because that was all I put my hope on. I always play the lottery daily, buy different lottery tickets, pay for online tips and others, but all was in vain, no good result, until one day I found this great man Dr Okosisi. On the internet, he is a magic voodoo Doctor, who helps to cast the lottery spell, as was described in the article. I contacted him too because I want to hit the lottery. Dr. Okosis helped me to cast the spell, and behold I won ONE MILLION DOLLARS. Truly you are the best and your spell is genuine and costs no harm. I got my bills paid and my debt cleared. I am making this known to every one of you who have been trying all day to win the lottery, believe me this is the only way to win the lottery with a better price, this is the real contact we all have been searching for. Contact him now. WhatsApp number: +1 (901) 235-9551 Email: spellservicetemple@gmail.com Website: https://spellservicetemple.com/faq/

Mama Khulusum
Mama Khulusum
Jan 11, 2022

I NEED MY EX BACK WITH THE HELP OF THE POWERFUL SPELL CASTER @+27732318372 & Ex lover back Permanent love spell in THE USA, UK, AUSTRALIA, HONG KONG -2318372|| Dark Magic In SAN Diego Call || Dark Magic In Denver Call +27732318372】|| Dark Magic In New Orleans || Dark Magic In San Antonio || Dark Magic In Corpus Christi || Dark Magic In Miami || Dark Magic In Nashville || Dark Magic In Detroit Call +27732318372 || Dark Magic In Portland || Dark Magic In Dallas +27732318372|| Dark Magic In Phoenix || Dark Magic In San Jose || Dark Magic In Las Vegas || Dark Magic In Atlanta || Dark Magic In Baltimore || Dark Magic In Indianapolis || Dark Magic In Las Vegas || Dark Magic In Memphis || Dark Magic In Jacksonville || Dark Magic In Charlotte || Dark Magic In Tucson || Dark Magic In St Louis || Dark Magic In Missouri || Dark Magic In Minneapolis || Dark Magic In Sacramento || Dark Magic In Kansas City || Dark Magic In Charleston || Dark Magic In Albuquerque || Dark Magic In Honolulu || Dark Magic In Omaha || Dark Magic In Oklahoma City || @Dark Magic In Colorado Springs || Dark Magic In Fort worth || Dark Magic In El Paso || Dark Magic In Columbus || Dark Magic In Salt Lake City || Dark Magic In Madison || Dark Magic In Tulsa || Dark Magic In Orlando || Dark Magic In Tampa || Dark Magic In Virginia || Dark Magic In Louisville || Black Magic Spells || Black Magic Spells In Usa || Black Magic Spells In Philadelphia || Black Magic Spells In San diego || Black Magic Spells In Denver || Black Magic Spells In New Orleans || Black Magic Spells In San Antonio || Black Magic Spells In Corpus Christi || Black Magic Spells In Miami || Black Magic Spells In Nashville || Black Magic Spells In Detroit || Black Magic Spells In Portland || Black Magic Spells In Dallas || Black Magic Spells In Phoenix || Black Magic Spells In San Jose || Black Magic Spells In Las vegas || Black Magic Spells In Atlanta || Black Magic Spells In Baltimore || Black Magic Spells In Indianapolis || Black Magic Spells In Raleigh || Black Magic Spells In Memphis || Black Magic Spells In Jacksonville || Black Magic Spells In Charlotte || Black Magic Spells In Tucson || Black Magic Spells In St Louis || Black Magic Spells In Missouri || Black Magic Spells In Minneapolis || Black Magic Spells In Sacramento || Black Magic Spells In Kansas City || Black Magic Spells In Charlestown || Black Magic Spells In Albuquerque || Black Magic Spells In Honolulu || Black Magic Spells In Omaha || Black Magic Spells In Oklahoma City || Black Magic Spells In Colorado Springs || Black Magic Spells In Fort Worth || Black Magic Spells In El Paso || Black Magic Spells In Columbus || Black Magic Spells In Salt Lake City || Black Magic Spells In Virginia || Black Magic Spells In Columbus Black Magic Spells Caster || Black Magic Spells Near me || Where to Get Black Magic Spells || Guaranteed Black Magic Specialist || Black Magic Expert || Dark Magic Expert || Dark Magic Specialist || Dark Magic Practitioner || Dark Magic Near Me | Quick Dark Magic Spells || Dark Magic Works That Work Instantly And Permanently || Dark Magic That Works Fast || Dark Magic That Works Immediately || Powerful Voodoo || Real Spell Caster || Love spell caster || Love spell caster in usa || ,+27732318372 //Love spell Caster In Chicago || Love spell Caster In Texas || Love spell Caster In London || Love spell Caster in alabama || love spell caster in Mississippi || Love spell Caster in Louisiana || Love spell Caster in Miami || Love spell Caster in Florida || Love spell Caster in Milwaukee || Love spell Caster in Canada || Love spell Caster In London || Love spell Caster in Usa || Love spell Caster in Knightsbridge || Love spell Caster In Middlesex || Love spell Caster in Strand || Love spell Caster in Fourways || Voodooo Love spells In Usa || Voodoo Love spells In Washington || Voodoo Love Spells In Seattle || Voodoo Love spells In Colorado || Voodoo Love spells In Sussex || Voodoo Love spells In Boston || Voodoo Love spells in pretoria || Voodoo Love spells in Lenasia || Voodoo Love spells In Miami || Voodoo Love spells in New Castle || Voodooo Love Spells In Santa Fe || Love spells That Work || Love spells That Work In London || Love Spells That Work In USa || Love Spells That Work In UK || Love Spells That Work In Chicago || Love Spells That Work In Texas || Love Spells That Work Immediately || Love Spells That Work Immediately In Usa || Love Spells That Work Immediately In Chicago || Love Spells That Work Immediately In texas || dark magic || Dark Magic In Usa || Dark Magic In UK || Dark Magic In Dubai || Dark Magic In Qatar || Dark magic In New York || Dark Magic In Washington || Dark Magic In Illinois || Dark Magic In San Francisco || Dark Magic In Los Angeles || Dark Magic In Boston || Dark Magic In Seattle || Dark mAgic In Washington || Dark Magic Austin || Dark magic works || Dark magic arts || Dark magic fixes || Quick Dark magic solutions in america }|. 89 Guaranteed Love spells to bring back Lost Lover Instantly 【 【+27732318372】】Lost Love spell Caster In Usa| Uk | Texas || Maine Florida. & Divorce solution specialist In #Florida#Miami#Atlanta}| Kaℒa jadu ≼LONDON≽ || ℒovℰ Spell Caster_Permanent Love Solution & Divorce solution specialist Voodoo Priest ||Lost Love Spell Caster In #NewYork#Chicago, Dallas spel#Atlanta#Houston#Idaho#SanJose#Miami. Texas || Austin || DallasA Lost Love spell Caster }| To bring back Lost Lover Immediately IN San Antonio }| Mexia || Usa || Powerful Voodoo Love Spell Caster || Voodoo Magic Spell Caster USa || African Voodoo Spell Caster || Top Traditional Healer In Usa || Top Traditional And spiritual Healer In canada || Rare Magic Spell Caster UK || Strong Love Spell Caster Usa || Online Lost Love Spell Caster || Love Spell That Work Immediately || Love Spell That Work Fast Usa || Love spell That Work Fast Uk || Love Spell That Work Fast Canada || LOve spell That Work Fast at Home || Instant LOve Spell || Love spell Caster || Best Love spell Caster || Strong Love Spell Caster Call+27732318372 Lost#Love#spells#Caster#|| Strong Love spell Caster and#African#Voodoo#Spells In Bethany Green Searching Online For a Lost Love Spell Caster In UK London⛢ Tips On Powerful Love Spells In Cambridge Heath|| Brondesbury| ++}| How to Cast a Love Spell In London UK Call }- 【+27732318372】 】An easy Guide To Modern Witches ): IN London|| Leicester || Birmingham || UK || Pent Houc Love Spell Caster London UK}| 【+27732318372】| 100% Guaranteed Instant Results On Lost Love Spells In Knig |Strong and Eminent spells caster 】In Knights Bridge }|Middlesex }| Brick Lane }| London UK:} Welcome to the Home of Powerful Love Spell and the best Love spells Caster In Uk , London all London Metro and neighborhoods alike. I am psychic kalimali One of The Fore Most if not the best Love Spell caster In London uk and overseas . bring back your Lost Lover in under 24 Hours using My Magnificent yet guaranteed spell Casting Works.: Custom love spell caster for you in Usa . Love spell caster world Wide Dark magic spells || Voodoo Black Magic || Dark Magick spells || 【+27732318372】 ☬ Love Spell in London Call 【+27732318372】 ☬ ☬ Love Spell in Middlesex }| ☬ ☬ Love Spell in Brick Lane @ East London ☬☬ Love Spell in Knights Bridge © 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Love Spell in Black heath ☬☬ Love Spell in Liecester l 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Love Spell in Sand Well ☬☬ Love Spell in Birmingham ☬☬ Love Spell in Emit 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Love Spell in Enith ☬☬ Love Spell in Belvedere ☬☬ Love Spell in Brick lane East London ☬☬ Love Spell in Maryleborne High Street ☬☬ Love Spell in Oxford Street ☬☬ Love Spell in Handsworth Birmingham ☬☬ Love Spell in Hyson Green Nottingham ☬☬ Love Spell in Rush lone Manchester ☬☬ Love Spell in Slough Berkshire ☬☬ Love Spell in East Ham London ☬☬ Love Spell in West Ham ☬☬ Love Spell in North Ham ☬☬ Love Spell in South Ham 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Love Spell in Middlesex 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Harrow 】 ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Brixton 【+27732318372 Lost Love Spell Caster in Hoxton ⛢ ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Bethany Green 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Pamlico ⛢ 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Muswell Hill Effective Spells Caster in Chiswick⛢ 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Effective Spells Caster in Arch Way Effective Spells Caster in Brent Cross Effective Spells Caster in London Black Wall⛢】 ☬☬ Spells Caster in Chalk Farm ⛢ ☬☬ Spells Caster in Honor Oak⛢】 ☬☬ Spells Caster in Arnos Grove ⛢ ☬☬ Spells Caster in Cambridge Heath ☬☬ Spells Caster in Brondersbury ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Mill Bank ⛢ ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Black Frias Lost Love Spell Caster in Wood Side park Lost Love Spell Caster in Norbury ☬☬ Spells Caster in Frisbury Park ⛢ Spells Caster in South Hall Spells Caster in Hayes⛢ ☬☬ Spells Caster in Hounslow⛢ 【☬☬ Spells Caster in Lyford 【+27732318372】 Spells Caster in Knights Bridge ⛢ 【+27732318372】 Spells Caster in Middle 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spells Caster in London 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in Seven Kings 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in Good Mayes 【+27732318372】】 ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in May Field ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in Gilders Green ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in West Minster ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in London ⛢ ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in London Bridge⛢ ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in London Eye ⛢☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in London Tower African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in London Park ⛢ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in London Station ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in Kings Cross ☬☬ African Voodoo Love Spell Caster in London Queens Ave ⛢ ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Tooting Middlesex ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Wembley ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in London Tower ⛢ ☬☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in London Public Library Lost Love Spell Caster in Manchester☬ Lost Love Spell Caster in Strand ⛢ ☬☬ Love Spell in West Ham 【,+27732318372】☬☬ Love Spell in North Ham 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Love Spell in South Ham Call ☬☬ Love Spell in Middlesex Call 【+27732318372】 ☬ ☬ Powerful Love Spell☬ Black Magic☬ Voodoo Spells, ☬ Hoodoo Spell, ☬ Hoodoo Spells , ☬ Voodoo, ☬ African voodoo Priest, ☬ Powerful Love Spell In London , ☬ Voodoo Love Spell,☬ Online Voodoo Spells,☬ Online Black Magic , ☬ Black Magic Specialist, ☬Toronto || Montréal || Calgary || Ottawa || Edmonton || Mississauga || North York || Winnipeg || Vancouver || Scarborough || Québec || Hamilton || Brampton || Surrey || Laval || Halifax || Etobicoke || London || Okanagan || Victoria || Windsor || Markham || Oshawa || Gatineau || Vaughan || Kitchener || Longueuil || Burnaby || Ladner || Saskatoon || Richmond Hill || Barrie || Richmond || Nepean || Regina || Oakville || Burlington || Greater Sudbury || Abbotsford || Saguenay || Coquitlam || St. Catharines || Sherbrook || Levis || Kelowna || Cambridge || Trois Rivières || Guelph || East York || Kingston || Sydney || Delta || Dartmouth || Thunder Bay || St. John’s || Waterloo || TerreBonne || Ajax || Saint John || Pickering || Brantford || Moncton || Nanaimo || Milton || Sarnia || Niagara Falls || Willowdale || Saint Laurent || Chilliwack || Repentigny || Fort McMurray || Alabama || Alaska || Arizona || Arkansas || California || Colorado || Connecticut || Delaware || Florida || Georgia || Hawaii || Idaho || Illinois || Indiana || Iowa || Kansas || Kentucky || Louisiana || Maine || Maryland || Massachusetts || Michigan || Minnesota || Mississippi || Missouri || Montana || Nebraska || Nevada || New Hampshire || New Jersey || New Mexico || New York || North Carolina || North Dakota || Ohio || Oklahoma || Oregon || Pennsylvania || Rhode Island || South Carolina || South Dakota || Tennessee || Texas || Utah || Vermont || Virginia || Washington || West Virginia || Wisconsin || Wyoming || Montgomery || Juneau || Phoenix || Little Rock || Sacramento || Denver || Hartford || Dover || Tallahassee || Atlanta || Honolulu || Boise || Springfield || Indianapolis || Des Moines || Topeka || Frankfort || Baton Rouge || Augusta || Annapolis || Boston || Lansing || St. Paul || Jackson || Jefferson City || Helena || Lincoln || Carson City || Concord || Trenton || Santa Fe || Albany || Raleigh || Bismarck || Columbus || Oklahoma City || Salem || Harrisburg || Providence || Columbia || Pierre || Nashville || Austin || Salt Lake City || Montpelier || Richmond || Olympia || Charleston || Madison || Cheyenne || Birmingham || Anchorage || Bridgeport || Wilmington || Jacksonville || Chicago || Wichita || Louisville || New Orleans || Portland || Baltimore || Detroit || Minneapolis || Kansas City || Billings || Omaha || Las Vegas || Manchester || Newark || Albuquerque || New York City || Charlotte || Fargo || Portland || Philadelphia || Charleston || Sioux Falls || Houston || Burlington || Virginia Beach || Seattle || Milwaukee || London || Birmingham || Liverpool || Nottingham || Sheffield || Bristol || Glasgow || Leicester || Edinburgh || Leeds || Cardiff || Manchester || Stoke on Trent || Coventry || Sunderland || Birkenhead || Islington || Reading || Kingston upon Hull || Preston || Newport || Swansea || Bradford || Southend on Sea || Belfast || Derby || Plymouth || Luton || Wolverhampton || City of Westminster || Southampton || Blackpool || Milton Keynes || Bexley || Northampton || Archway || Norwich || Dudley || Aberdeen || Portsmouth || Newcastle upon Tyne || Sutton || Swindon || Crawley || Ipswich || Wigan || Croydon || Walsall || Mansfield || Oxford || Warrington || Sydney || Melbourne || Brisbane || Perth || Adelaide || Gold Coast || Canberra || Newcastle || Wollongong || Logan City || Geelong || Hobart || Townsville || Cairns || Toowoomba || Darwin || Rockingham || Launceston || Bendigo || Balart || Mandurian || Mackay || Bundaberg || Bunbury || Maitland || Armadale || RockHampton || Adelaide Hills || South Brisbane || Hervey Bay || Reservoir || Tamworth | | Wagga Wagga || Albury || Berwick || Port Macquarie || Queanbeyan || Orange || Blacktown || Shepparton || Caloundra || Hoppers Crossing || Werribee || Melton || Castle Hill, best love spell caster online || bring back lost love 24 hours || Bring back Lost Love spells || candle love spells to bring back a lover || free love spell caster || free love spell casters that work || free love spell casters that work immediately || free love spells || free love spells that work instantly || how to bring back lost lover 24 hours || how to cast a love spell || how to cast a love spell on my ex || how to cast a love spell that works || i need a love spell || lost love spell caster in Johannesburg || lost love spells Australia || lost love spells USA || 【+27732318372】love spell caster Canada || love spell caster in Johannesburg || love spell caster in South Africa || love spell caster London || love spell caster near me || love spell caster online || love spell caster UK || love spell caster USA || love spell casters || love spells in London || love spells in Stockholm || love spells in Sweden || Love spells that work || love spells that work for real || love spells that work instantly with proof || love spells that work overnight || mantra to bring back lost love 24 hours | 【+2773238372】| powerful lost love spells || powerful love spell casters || real powerful love spells || simple spells to bring back a lover, Black Magic expert, ☬ Lost Love Spell Expert and Love Back Specialist☬ Obsession Love spell☬ Powerful Love Spell In UK ,☬ Love Spells, ☬ Love Spell☬ Lost Love Spell , ☬ Lost Love Spells Caster,☬ Wiccan Love Spell, ☬ Love Spell in London ☬ ☬ Love Spell Forums London ☬ ☬ Lost Love Spell Forums ☬ ☬ Centre For Love Spell Casters ☬ ☬ Love Spell Casting Services ☬☬ Black Magic Services 【+27732318372】 ☬☬ Black Magic Specialist ______am Approved And Guaranteed Love Spells Works Baba John Call or whats app +27732318372 !!!! ╬═ ╬ *Love Spells That Work Instantly In USa }} * Lost Love Spells Caster In Johannesburg , pretoria , Montana }} 【+27732318372】* Love spells That work Immediately in Salt Lake city Utah * Love spells That Work Instantly In Maine }} Dallas }} Houston }} El-paso}} Texas * Get back Your Lost Lover In 24 Hours In Chicago, Illinois , Denver , Colorado * Powerful Love Spells That Work Fast in El Paso- Denver }} Colorado { San Antonio Texas 【+27732318372】 * :Love Spells In Austin }} Dallas }} Alabama }} Arkansas }} Idaho }} Utah }} Minnesota }} * Get back Your ex Lover Same day in Connecticut }} Montana {{ Nebraska North Carolina }} * Love Spells That Work Same day In Indianapolis }} Maine }} Miami Florida }} Washington }} 【+27732318372】 * Bring Back Lost Lover in |}| Nevada | Oklahoma | Tennessee * Vermont }} * Lost Love spells Caster in Wyoming | Missouri | Mississippi* Black Magic Specialist and Best Love spells caster In Kansas }} Kentucky }} Louisiana + * Approved And Effective Ex Love Back Spells | Get | Return / regain Ex Lover Back In United States * @Powerful Traditional Healer In South Africa * @ Traditional healer in Johannesburg 【+27732318372】 * @powerful Native Spiritual and Traditional Healer In Pretoria * Sangoma Traditional Healer and Money spells Caster South Africa * Sangoma }} Traditional Healer and Money spells * Sangoma and Traditional Healer In Johannesburg * Most * Powerful Traditional Healer In Johannesburg * Traditional Healer In Alice {{ Powerful Love Psychic and Strong Traditional Healer * Black Magic Specialist and Lost Love Spells Caster * Candle Love Spells }} Sangoma 【+27732318372】 Alaska * Traditional Sangoma and Spiritual Money Spells Caster Randburg Call USA * Get Back Your © Lost Lover In Just 24 Hours @ +27732318372 * $traditional Healer }} Sangoma And Spiritual Money Spells Caster {{ Pretoria}} * Candle Love Spells To get Back Lost Lover In Just 24 Hours * Obsession spells to Get Back Your Lost Lover immediately }} Usa }} 【+27732318372】 _ Powerful Obession spells * } Real Love Obssession spells Colorado * Spiritual Money spells and Traditional Healer south Africa Texas * @Powerful Magic Wallets }} Magic Rings }} Sangoma }} USA }} © California * Most Powerful Magic Rings For Money }} Sangoma Powerful Magic Rings}} Sangoma and Traditional Healer Lost Love Spells Specialist JHB * Black Magic Specialist || And Love Spells Caster }} Traditional Healer * Traditional Healer || Sangoma || And Lost Love Specialist }} * Black Magic Expert in usa * ||bLACK mAgic Specilaist In USA * Certified Traditional Healer * Money Spells For financial Breakthrough }} Love Spells That Work Immediately }} USA }} }| Rare And real Spell Casting Services Usa }|| Powerful Revenge spell, Revenge spell caster , most effective revenge spells, instant revenge spell, real revenge spells , Love spell Caster New York, Spell Caster New York, Black magic specialist , Black magic spells, black magic love spells, black magic love specialist , fortune teller, fortune telling , Death spell, death spell caster, instant death spells, death spells usa, Most Effective death spells, Cast death spell, Cast revenge spell, love spell that work, Love spells That Work Fast , Love spells That Work Instant , Spells caster, Spells Caster Uk, spells caster usa , spells caster new orleans, spells caster new york, spells caster chicago, spells caster alabama, 【+2773318372】spells caster illionois, spells caster Texas, spells caster memphis, spells caster ohio, spells caster Idaho, Spells Caster Johannesburg, Spells Caster Washington, Spells Caster Miami , Spells Caster Florida , Spells Caster Boston , Spells Caster El Paso , Love Spell In Dubai, Love Spell Chicago, Love Spell Texas , Love Spell Usa , Love Spell Victoria Secret, Spells Voodoo, Spells Voodoo Usa, Spells Voodoo Silicon Valley , Spells Voodoo New York , Spells Voodoo Caster United States, Spells Voodoo Illinois , Spells Voodoo Birminghamhoney Spell Jar, honey spell jar usa, honey spell jar new york, Cast a love spell usa , how to cast a love spell uk , spell casting new york, spell casting, Love spell casting, love spell casting services, Candle Love Spell, Candles For Love spells, Wicca Love Spell Caster }||Fast Love spell Caster, Fast Love spell Casting services, love spell that work work fast, love spell that work, fast love spell, love spell that work in 24 hours, 24 hour Love spell, spell that work in 24 hours, Love spell that work 24 hours usa , love spell that work in 24 hours uk , love spell that work 24 hours in dubai , love spell that works in 24 hours canada Call or whats app Mama Khulusum 【+27732318372】 . Voodoo Spells Caster, Voodoo Spells CAster Usa , World renown Voodoo Spells Caster , Instant Voodoo Spells Caster }|. Caster – Rare and real Vooodoo Love Spell Caster In Texas – Qatar Dubai – USA @loev Spells That Work Immediately In USA To get Lost Love back Permanetly in 24 Hours Chicago || Medusa || Dallas || Lost Love Back and Divorce Specialist }|| @Get Lost Love Back in 24 Hours In USa Get Lost Love Back Permanently in UK And Top Traditional Doctor\ Traditional Healer In Johannesburg South Africa ..love And ReLationship Problems Solutions Stop Divorce Solutions and How To Get Lost Love Back In 24 Hours @TOp Trending Lost Love Spell Caster in USA 2021Black magic mantra for enemy, Witchcraft Spells, Wiccan Spells, Spell to bring back an ex-lover, Spell to get revenge from someone, Black magic Protection Spell, Love Spell To Get Your Boyfriend back, Bring Back Your Ex Girlfriend by Love Spell, Powerful blackmagic spells to kill someone, Black Magic Spell to Make Someone Love You,Spells To Win Court Cases, Casino and Lottery luck spells, Black Magic in USA,Black Magic in UK, Black Magic in india, Black Magic in Canada, Black Magic in Singapore, Inter Caste Marriage Problem. Get My Ex Love Remove Bad luck Spells Black magic Removal, bad luck & Jealousy Removal, health and finance issues, Divorce Call or whats app mama khilusum+27732318372 call Mama Khulusum and get advise from her email. info@strongspellcaster.us.com or you can visit https://www.strongspellcaster.us.com Call or Whatsapp +27732318372

Mama Khulusum
Mama Khulusum
Jan 11, 2022

+27732318372*% Genuine Online @Lost Love Spell Caster Who has worked For Many in The USA, UK, AUSTRALIA, HONG KONG, CANADA, SINGAPORE, MEXICO, JAPAN & NEW ZEALAND au/Health/Australia-usa-uk-Best-Online-spell-caster +27732318372 Genuine lost love spells, Text/Call/Whatsapp +27732318372 @DR MAMA KHULUSUM I can help you cast all kinds of spells and are all effective in just Minute/hours to meet your need .i can cast a bring back lost lover spell to the person/property you have lost with quick effective spells for women to bring back a ex-boyfriend or ex-husband. Lost Love Spells are used, if you have lost your love and all the efforts that you have tried have failed and there is no way that you can get your love back. If you are stuck in such a situation, then this spell is meant for you. All kinds of Love Spells, Traditional Healing, Sangoma Service, Financial freedom Spells, Voodoo Spell, Black Magic Magical Oils used for Love, Herbal Services ,Protection Spells, Marriage Spells, Wiccan Love Spells, Court Cases Astrology Services, Psychic healing in southAfrica,|Usa|Uk|Canada|Nam Uae|Zimbabwe|Botswana|Australia|Burban|Pretoria|Easterncap|Johannesburg|Sandtone, 1- Bring Back Lost Lover ON +27732318372 2 Is Your Partner Losing Interest In You 3-Do Your Love Life Falling Apart? 4- Bring Back Your Ex Lover, Also Gay And Lesbians Are Helped 5- Keep Your Partner Faithful And Loyal To You. Make Him Or Her Stop Cheating 6- Create Everlasting Love Between Couples. 7- Attract A New Lover And Be Attracted To Others. 8- Remove Hexes, Curses, And Witchcraft Spells Cast Upon You. 9- Seek Revenge On Those Who Have Wronged You Text/Call/Whtaspp +27732318372 CALL OR WHATSAPP MAMA KHULUSUM ON +27732318372 EMAIL: mamakhulusum@gmail.com info@strongspellcaster.us.com WEB: https://www.strongspellcaster.us.com

Kelly Ann Flores
Kelly Ann Flores
Jan 14, 2022

My husband and I have been married for over 10 years. We met when I was 18 and he was 21. We’ve been through a lot emotionally together. There were several HUGE fights and painful situations in our marriage, but we always seemed to come out stronger on the other side. Out of the blue my husband just sprung the divorce talk on me, I was totally depressed until I found the Dr.Todd website online and I ordered a Love spell. You won’t believe my husband called me at the exact time this spell caster finished his spell work in 24hours. I was totally amazed! He is wonderful and his spells work so fast. His contact: manifestspellcast@gmail.com https://manifestspellcast.wordpress.com

Leave Comment